Forged Stamps of German Occupation of France

Saint-Nazaire

Chambre de Commerce

1945. Chambre de Commerce. Front Atlantique

Genuine vs. Forgeries

At least 3 different types of forgeries exist

St.Nazaire_50c_Genuine

Genuine perforated

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine

Genuine perforated

St.Nazaire_50c_Genuine_Unperf

Genuine unperforated

 Krischke certificate

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine_Unperf

Genuine unperforated

 Krischke certificate

St.Nazaire_50c_Forgery_Type2_Front
St.Nazaire_50c_Forgery_Type2_Back

Forgery

Appeared shortly after the war

  • – Paper more greenish tint
  • – Tip of the mast more to the left of ‘E’
  • – End of transverse mast more to the left of ‘C’
  • – Initials of the engraver ‘E G’ further apart 
  • – With or without ‘LIBERATION’ overprint
  • – ‘I’ in SAINT tilts to the left
  • – Dash after SAINT longer
St.Nazaire_2f_Forgery_Type2_Front
St.Nazaire_2f_Forgery_Type2_Back

Forgery

Appeared shortly after the war

  • – Paper more greenish tint
  • – Tip of the mast more to the left of ‘E’
  • – End of transverse mast more to the left of ‘C’
  • – Initials of the engraver ‘E G’ further apart 
  • – With or without ‘LIBERATION’ overprint
  • – ‘I’ in SAINT tilts to the left
  • – Dash after SAINT longer
St.Nazaire_50c_Forgery2

Forgery similar to the one above, but paper more like genuine and dash after SAINT placed higher

St.Nazaire_50c_Genuine_Probe

Genuine proof on yellow paper

Signed Pickenpack BPP

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine_Probe_grün

Genuine proof on yellow green paper

Signed Tust BPP

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine_Probe_gelb

Genuine proof on yellow paper

Signed Pickenpack BPP

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine_Probe_blau

Genuine proof on blue paper

Calves certificate

Note: The end of transverse mast on the genuine 2 Francs proofs is similar to the forgeries (more to the left of ‘C’).

St.Nazaire_50c_Genuine_Proof_Sheet

Genuine sheet proof

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine_Proof_Sheet

Genuine sheet proof

St.Nazaire_50c_Genuine_Sheet

Genuine sheet

St.Nazaire_2f_Genuine_Sheet

Genuine sheet

Experts

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Links

Recommended resources

  • Filatelia.fi – Details about expertizers of Germany & France

Know any relevant websites? Please contact me!

Literature

For further research

  • Fernand Gueriff: Saint-Nazaire sous l’Occupation Allemand
  • GPS Forgery Manuals
  • Henri Brives: Les Postes des Poches de L’Atlantique
  • Paul Gamelin: La Forteresse Saint-Nazaire
  • Paul Juliet: L’Echo de la Timbrologie, May-July 1980
  • Richard-Blanchard: La Poche de Saint-Nazaire
  • Robert Aron: Historie de la Liberation de La France
  • Robert E. Stuckey: The Saint Nazaire Pocket, August 1944 – May 1945
  • Wolfgang Tust: Der Kessel von Saint-Nazaire 1945

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