Forged stamps of Venezuela

1859

Coat of Arms

 
Venezuela_1859_Coat-of-Arms_Medio_Real_Genuine
Venezuela_1859_Coat-of-Arms_Un_Real_Genuine

1862

Coat of Arms

 
Venezuela_1862_Coat-of-Arms_Cuarto_Centavo_Genuine
Venezuela_1862_Coat-of-Arms_Medio_Centavo_Forgery
Venezuela_1862_Coat-of-Arms_Un_Centavo_Forgery

1863

Eagle

 
Venezuela_1863_Eagle_Medio_Centavo_Forgery
Venezuela_1863_Eagle_Un_Centavo_Genuine
Venezuela_1863_Eagle_Medio_Real_Fournier_Forgery
Venezuela_1863_Eagle_Un_Real_Genuine
Venezuela_1863_Eagle_Dos_Reales_Genuine

1865

Coat of Arms

 
Venezuela_1865_Coat-of-Arms_Medio_Centavo_Genuine
Venezuela_1865_Coat-of-Arms_Un_Centavo_Genuine
Venezuela_1865_Coat-of-Arms_Dos_Centavos_Fournier_Forgery
Venezuela_1865_Coat-of-Arms_Medio_Real_Genuine
Venezuela_1865_Coat-of-Arms_Un_Real_Genuine

1896

Map of Venezuela

 
Venezuela_Apoteosis-de-Miranda_5c_Reprint
Venezuela_Apoteosis-de-Miranda_10c_Reprint
Venezuela_Apoteosis-de-Miranda_50c_Genuine
Venezuela_Apoteosis-de-Miranda_1b_Reprint

1880-1940

Bolivar

 
Venezuela_1880_Bolivares_25c_Genuine
Venezuela_1880_Bolivar_10c_Genuine
Venezuela_1880_Bolivar_50c_Forgery
Venezuela_1900_25c_Forged_Overprint
Venezuela_1893_Bolivar_25c_Forged_Overprint
Venezuela_Bolivar_1937_Forged_Overprint

1902

Carupano

 
Venezuela_Carupano_0.10_Genuine
Venezuela_Carupano_0.25_Forgery
Venezuela_Carupano_1.00_Forgery

1903

Revolutionary Issues for Guayana and Maturin

 
Venezuela_1903_Guayana-and-Maturin_10c_Forgery
Venezuela_1903_Guayana-and-Maturin_25c_Forgery
Venezuela_1903_Guayana-and-Maturin_50c_Forgery
Venezuela_1903_Guayana-and-Maturin_Forgery
Venezuela_Guayana-and-Maturin_Sailship_5c_Forgery

Thanks to Asofilca for letting me translate some of their content in Spanish to English and publish it in on these pages.

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Literature

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  • 1-6. Coat of Arms issues of 1859 and 1859-62. Fournier and other forgeries, Fournier fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.360 (Yvert 1-3). Four forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.650-53. Paper XVIII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.53,54. Characteristics of the genuine stamps of the issue of 1859-62: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.234. Distinguishing the fine impression issue from the course impression issue: Cornelius W. Wickersham, The Early Stamps of Venezuela (Collectors Club, New York, N.Y., 1958), p.13.
  • 7-9. Newspaper stamps, 1862. Forgeries and fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.360,61 (Yvert 5-7). Two forgeries of the 1⁄4c, five forgeries of the 1⁄2c, four forgeries of the 1c, 1862, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.653-58. Paper XVIII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.54. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.234,35. Genuine cancellation: Cornelius W. Wickersham, The Early Stamps of Venezuela (Collectors Club, New York, N.Y., 1958), pp.31,8.
  • 10-15. Eagle issues, 1863-64 and 1865. Paper XII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.42,43. Fournier and other forgeries and Fournier fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.361 (Yvert 8-12). Forgery of the 1⁄2c, six forgeries of the 1c, 1r, and 2r, seven forgeries of the 1⁄2r (the stamp of 1863 and the redrawn stamp of 1865), genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.661-68. Spiro Brothers forgery of the 1r: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.314. Characteristics of the genuine stamps and cancellations: Cornelius W. Wickersham, The Early Stamps of Venezuela (Collectors Club, New York, N.Y., 1958), pp.32,41; J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.235,36 (1863 and 1865).
  • 16-21. Square stamp issues of 1865-70 and 1873. Postal forgeries of the 1⁄2r (both): H.G. Leslie Fletcher, Postal Forgeries of the World, p.137; Cornelius W. Wickersham, The Early Stamps of Venezuela, (Collectors Club, New York, N.Y., 1958), pp.53-59. Forgeries, postal forgeries of the 1⁄2r (both), genuine and fraudulent cancellations: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.361 (Yvert 13-23). Four forgeries of the 1⁄2c, three forgeries of the 1c, two forgeries of the brown violet 1⁄2r, 1865, a forgery of the 1r, two forgeries of the 2r, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.668-74. Characteristics of the genuine stamps, postal forgery of the 1⁄2r: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.236. False double-oval blue cancellation of the 1865-76 issue: H.R. Harmer, “Venezuela”, The London Philatelist, Vol.44 (September 1935): 197-201.
  • 22-36. First Escuelas stamps, 1871-76. Genuine postal cancellations: Cornelius W. Wickersham, The Early Stamps of Venezuela (Collectors Club, New York, N.Y., 1958), p.84. Most have manuscript cancellation; with such cancellation, postal use is indistinguishable from fiscal use: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 37-48. The Contraseña overprints, 1873, 1875, 1876-77. Forged overprint, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.361 (Yvert 13-23); Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.674,75.
  • Cancellations to 1876: C.W. Wickersham, “Venezuela: The First Issue”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 32 (May 1953,): 117-28, at pp.124-28.
  • 49-67. Large Escuelas, issues of 1879 and 1880. Reprints: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.236. Postal and Fiscal cancellations: Cornelius W. Wickersham, The Early Stamps of Venezuela (Collectors Club, New York, N.Y., 1958), pp.125,26 and else where in Ch.8. Copies with pen cancellations removed may be offered as unused or may have fraudulent cancellations: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog. Postal forgeries of the 5c values of 1879 and 1880: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.362 (Yvert, postage-revenue 15,23).
  • The 1906 Reprints: Peter K. Brock, “Venezuela: Issues of 1880-81”, The Stamp Lover, Vol. 64 (September-October 1972): 138,41,45; also published in The Mainsheet, Vol. 1 (September- November 1972): 25-27.
  • 68-73. Bolivar foreign mail issue, 1880. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.315. Paper XII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.42,43. Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. III, pp.70-72 (Scott numbers changed from 70-72). Forgeries of the centimos values and characteristics of the genuine 1p: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 100-107. Resolucion (Provisional) issue, 1892. Forged overprint: Donald L. Mac Peck, “Venezuela – The ‘Resolucion’ Issue of 1892”, Pan American Philatelist, Vol. 1, Nos.7,8, (1955): 143-51; more at Vol. 2, No. 4 (December 1955): 59. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.362 (Yvert 39-42). de Thuin forged overprint and surcharge: James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, pp.367,68.
  • 136. Discovery of South America Commemorative issue of 1893. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.316.
  • 137-41. Map issue, 1896. Wayne L. Youngblood, “When a stamp is not as it seems”, Scott Stamp Monthly, Vol. 14 (April 1996): 12,13. Reprint/ forgery of the 5c: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.317. Forged surcharge on the 50c and 1b: Juan Salinas de Lozada, “False Surcharges on Venezuela Stamps Nos.140 and 141”, American Philatelist, Vol. 58 (1944-45): 444-48. Fournier forgery and fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.362 (Yvert 54-58). Reprints: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 142-49. Regular issue, 1899-1901. Spying Eye, “Forgeries: Venezuela’s Bolivar”, Philately (U.S.), Vol. 2 (November 18, 1946): 210.
  • 157-60. Bolivar type overprinted “1900“. Paper XII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.42,43.
  • 160a. 1b value of the overprinted issue of 1900. Two fakes, one made from Scott 160, other from Scott 147: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.362 (Yvert 76a).
  • Postmarks falsifed by de Thuin: James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, pp.368-71.
  • C1-C16. First airmail issue, 1930. Helen Fernando and Pietro Zanon forgeries: Lowell Ragatz, “Spying Eye” column, The S.P.A. Journal, Vol. 10 (December 1947): 227,28 (and Spying Eye Handbook on Philatelic Forgeries, pp.46,47).
  • Local stamps for the Port of Carúpano:
    7-13. Handstamped issue of 1903. Paper XII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.42,43. de Thuin forgery: James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, pp.362-65.
  • Local stamps for the State of Guayana:
  • 1-5. The Small Guayana issue of 1903. Reprints and unauthorized cancellations: Eugenio Gebauer, “The Guayana Issues of Venezuela (continued)”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 60 (November-December, 1981): 388-93. Reprints, control mark and cancellations on the originals: C.W. Wickersham, “Venezuela: The Small Guayana Issue”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 30 (January 1951): 25-38; Don Avery, “A New Look at the Small Guayanas of Venezuela”, American Philatelist, Vol.123 (January 2009): 50-54. Paper XII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.42,43. Forgeries of the 5c, 10c, and 50c: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 11-15. The Large Guayana issue of 1903. Forgeries: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog. Reprints and unauthorized cancellations: Eugenio Gebauer, “The Guayana Issues of Venezuela (continued)”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 60 (November-December, 1981): 388-93. Reprints and fraudulent postmark: “Venezuela: The Large Guayanas”, C.W. Wickersham, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 31 (January 1952): 47-55.

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