Forged stamps of Turkey

Ottoman Empire

1863

Tugrali

 
Turkey_1863_Tugrali_Postage_Due_Genuine
Turkey_1863_Tugrali_20piastre_Genuine
Turkey_1863_Tugrali_2piastre_Genuine2
Turkey_1863_Tugrali_2piastre_Genuine
Turkey_1863_Tugrali_Spiro_Forgery4
Turkey_1863_Tugrali_Spiro_Forgery3

1865-1876

Duloz

 
Turkey_1867_Duloz_25piastres_Genuine
Turkey_Duloz_Fournier_Forgery4
Turkey_Duloz_Fournier_Forgery2
Turkey_1869_Duloz_10piastres_Spiro_Forgery

1876-1888

Large Seal

 
Turkey_1876_Large_20paras_Genuine
Turkey_1876_Large_50paras_Genuine
Turkey_1888_Large_2piastres_Genuine
Turkey_1888_Large_25piastres_Genuine

1913

Commemoratives

 
Turkey_1913_25p_Fournier_Forgery
Turkey_1913_100p_Fournier_Forgery

1908-1916

Definitives
including 5-point Star

 
Turkey_1908_50piastres_Forgery
Turkey_1916_5point-Star_5p_Forgery
Turkey_1916_5point-Star_10p_Forgery

1918-1921

Commemoratives

 
Turkey_1918_Overprint_Forgery
Turkey_1921_50pia_Forgery
Turkey_1920_3pia-2pa_Cannon_Forgery
Turkey_1921_1pia_Forgery
Turkey_1920_3pia-2pa_Forgery
Turkey_1920_3pia-4pa_Forgery
Turkey_1920_50pia_Forgery

1865-1867

Local Post

 
Turkey_1865_Liannos_Local_Post_5paras_Fournier_Forgery
Turkey_1865_Liannos_Local_Post_20paras_Fournier_Forgery
Turkey_1865_Liannos_Local_Post_40paras_Fournier_Forgery
 
turkey_dbsr_danube_black_sea_railway_20p_kustendje_czernawoda_reprint1

1898

Ottoman Occupation of Thessaly

 
Turkey_1898_Occ.Thessaly_10paras_Forgery
Turkey_1898_Occ.Thessaly_20paras_Forgery
Turkey_1898_Occ.Thessaly_1pia_Forgery
Turkey_1898_Occ.Thessaly_2pia_Forgery
Turkey_1898_Occ.Thessaly_5pia_Genuine

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Recommended resources

Literature

For further research

  • Billig’s Großes Handbuch der Fälschungen no. 37 & 38
  • 1-7, J1-J4. Tughra monogram design, postage and Postage Due stamps of 1863. G.T. Turner, “The First Issue Of Turkey, 1863 – Some Further Notes, Secret Marks”, OPAL,Whole No.161 (January 1986): 31-38. Anon., write-up of forgeries of the Ottoman Empire, OPAL, Whole No.206, (September 2003): 26-35. Secret marks: Arthur Luiz, “The Stamps of Turkey:, The London Philatelist, Vol. 63 (May 1954): 79-83. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.346-48 (Yvert 1-4 and postage dues, 1863). Forgeries of the postage issue and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.541-44, 51. Characteristics of the genuine stamps on thin paper: Hermann Schloss, Distinguishing Characteristics of Classic Stamps: Europe 19th Century (Except Old German States), pp.191-94; Hermann Schloss, “Turkey”, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 30, pp.122-24; J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.219. Spiro Brothers forgeries of the piaster values: Paper V, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.25,26. Characterestics of the genuine stamps: Adolf Passer, The Stamps of Turkey (The Royal Philatelic Society, London 1938): 7-22, Plates 2 and 4; height of colored bands is 6mm: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 8-52, J6-J35. Duloz Types, issues of 1865-76 and Postage Due stamps of 1865-71. Spiro Brothers and Fournier forgeries: Anon., write-up of forgeries of the Ottoman Empire, OPAL, Whole No.206, (September 2003): 26-35. Forgery of the basic stamp: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.348 (Yvert 7-33, and postage dues 1865-69). Forgery of the overprint on the issue of 1874-75: J.H. Coles, “Some Notes On Varieties Of The Duloz Types of Turkey”, OPAL, Whole Number 84, Vol.5 (January 1963): 43-45. Four forgeries of the issue of 1865, forgery of the 10pa, 1874-75, forgeries of the surcharge on the Provisional issue of 1876, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.544-46. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.220. Also see the 1876 issue below.
  • 48-52. Change of overprint and with surcharge, 1876, value restated in French. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.294. Forged surcharge, two of the 1½pi and one of the 10pa, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.547,48. Forgery of the 5pi on 5pi (basic stamp) and fraudulent postmark: Paper LXVII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.158.
  • 53-63, 66-91. Crescent issues of 1876, 1880-84, and 1884-90. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.349 (Yvert 44-79). Forgeries of the 50pa and 5pi, two forgeries of the 25pi, 1876: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.549,50. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.220,21. The 50pa, 1876: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.295, reprinted in Supplement No.11 to OPAL, p.20. Forgeries of the first crescent issue: Anon., write-up of forgeries of the Ottoman Empire, OPAL, Whole No.206, (September 2003): 26-35. Forgery of the 25 pi: Harry Hilckes, “Forgers and their Work“, Stamp Collectors Fortnightly, Vol. 1 (June 15, 1895): 157, continued from (June 1, 1895): 149,50. The 5pi, 1876: Paper LXVI, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.154,55. Sperati forgeries, one of the 5pa, 1886 and two of the 25pi, 1886: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, pp.174,75 and Plate 117.
  • — Handstamped, blue triangular overprint for Mount Athos applied to then current Turkish stamps, 1880. Forgery of the overprint, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol.2, pp.550,51.
    Non-Scott. Bagdad Bisects of Crescent stamps, 1884-86. Forged surcharges: Patrick Pearson, “The Bagdad Bisects of 1889 and 1892”, OPAL, Whole Number 203 (February 2002): 16-26. Also see Patrick Pearson, “The Bagdad Bisects”, London Philatelist, Vol. 100 (December 1991): 310-320.
  • 108,9. 25pi and 50pi, Foreign Postage issue (Tughra in oval frame), 1901. Sperati forgeries: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.176 and Plate 118.
  • 117. 50pi Domestic Postage stamp (Tughra in circle), 1901. Sperati forgery: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.175 and Plate 117.
  • 118-27. Tughra in porch-shaped frame, 1905. Sperati forgery of the 50pi: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.176 and Plate 118. Genuine on thin paper, design shows through, especially on lower values: Adolf Passer, The Stamps of Turkey (The Royal Philatelic Society, London 1938):97.
  • 141. 50pi (large circle in center with Tughra and Turkish inscription), 1908. Two Sperati forgeries: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.177 and Plate 118.
  • 151-160. Mohammed V, 1909. Forgeries of the 20pa and 1pi, Type II: Adolf Passer, The Stamps of Turkey (The Royal Philatelic Society, London 1938): 7-22. Sperati forgery of the 50p: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.177 and Plate 118.
  • 267, 69, 70. 25kpi 100pi and 200pi, Adrianople, 1913. Fournier forgeries of the 25pi and 100pi: Anon., write-up of forgeries of the Ottoman Empire, OPAL, Whole No.206, (September 2003): 26-35. Cancelled 100pi and 200pi stamps, cleaned and cut repaired: Adolf Passer, The Stamps of Turkey (The Royal Philatelic Society, London 1938): 109,10.
  • 446-514, J71-J86, P153-P172. Third War Issue overprint (“Bulls Head (Beetle)” issue), 1917. Two forgeries of overprint: Wilhelm Weber, “Bulls Head (Beetle) Overprint Forgeries”, OPAL, Whole Number 189 (July 1996): 40-44. Forged Beetle overprint: F.I.P. Commission for the Fight against Forgeries, Note, Flash #42 (December 1992): 21, 22.
  • 748. 10k Black brown value of the Regular Issue of 1932. Anon., “Turkish Counterfeits”, Mekeel’s Weekly Stamp News, Vol. 52 (August 4, 1938): 166.
  • Early genuine cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 30, pp.101-19.
  • Fraudulent postmarks: Anon., “Box Type Postmarks Of Turkey, Forged, Bogus And Faked”, OPAL, Whole Number 92, Vol.7 (September 1964): 18,19.
  • J1-J4. Imperforate Postage Due stamps, 1863. See “1-7, J1-J4” above for citations.
  • J6-J35. Perforated Postage Due stamps, 1865. Two forgeries of the 1865 issue, one of the 1871 issue: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.531,32. Also see “8-52, J6-J35” above.
  • J71-J86. Postage Due Stamps, 1917. See “446-514, J71-J86, P153-P172“ above for citation.
  • M1-M5. Military stamps for Army in Thessaly, 1898. Three forgeries: Menachim Max Mayo, “Thessaly Military Octagonals:, OPAL, Whole Number 190 (December 1996): 19-23. Forgery and forged postmarks: Evert Klaseboer, Stamps: Catalogue, CD Rom, Vol.2 (Singapore, February 2008). Joseph M. Sousa, “Common Counterfeits and Their Detection”, American Philatelist, Vol. 79 (February 1966): 337. Lowell Ragatz, “Spying Eye” column, The S.P.A. Journal, Vol. 8 (September 1945): 38,39 (and Spying Eye Handbook on Philatelic Forgeries, p.44); reprinted in Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 42 (August 3, 1946): 686. Alden C. Johnson, Forgeries Old and New, Vol. 1, p.35. Forgeries and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.521,22. Scott Classic Specialized Catalogue. Forged postmarks: J.H. Coles, Note, OPAL, Whole Number 81, Vol. 4 (May 1969): 67.
  • P10-P25, P36. Newspaper stamps, 1891, 1892, and 1897. Forged overprint: Forgeries of the first crescent issue: Anon., write-up of forgeries of the Ottoman Empire, OPAL, Whole No.206, (September 2003): 26-35, at p.33. Forgeries of the issue of 1891: Adolf Passer, The Stamps of Turkey (The Royal Philatelic Society, London 1938): 88,89. Forgeries of the issue of 1892: Id. at 91,92.
  • P55-60, P61-66. Newspaper stamps, 1908, 1909. Forged “Matbuaa” overprint: Adolf Passer, “The Redrawn Type of Forgery of the ‘Matbuaa” Overprint on the Turkish Newspaper Stamps”, The London Philatelist, Vol.41 (July 1932): 156-58.
  • P153-P172. Newspaper Stamps, 1917. See “446-514, J71-J86, P153-P172“ above for citation.
  • Anatola, Civil War issues of the Nationalist government of Mustafa Kemal Pasha (a/k/a Atitürk):
    1-4, 5-10, 5a-10a, 1920-1921. Overprinted Ottoman stamps: Adolf Passer, The Stamps of Turkey (The Royal Philatelic Society, London 1938): 146,47.
  • Design Types A7-A9, 1921. F. Aretz, “Know Your Stamps” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 19 (December 1, 1934): 1166.

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