Forged Stamps of Togo

1897. German Stamps Surcharged ‘Togo’. 10 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_10pf_Genuine

Genuine

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_10pf_Forgery

Forgery

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_10pf_Forgery2

Forged overprint on genuine / regular used German stamp

1897. German Stamps Surcharged ‘Togo’. 20 Pfennig

Forgeries

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_20pf_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_20pf_Forgery

Forged overprint on genuine / regular used German stamp

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_20pf_Forgery2

Forged overprint on genuine / regular used German stamp

1897. German Stamps Surcharged ‘Togo’. 25 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_25pf_Genuine

Genuine

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_25pf_Forgery

Forgery

Togo_1897_Reichpost_Togo_25pf_Forgery2

Forged overprint on genuine / regular used German stamp

Togo_Fournier_Forged_Overprint

Fournier forged overprint

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 20 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgery

Togo_20pfennig_Genuine

Genuine

Togo_20pfennig_Half_Genuine

Genuine – Bisect

Togo_20pfennig_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 25 Pfennig

Forgery

Togo_25pfennig_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 40 Pfennig

Forgery

Togo_40pfennig_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 1 Mark

Genuine vs. Forgery

Togo_1900_Yacht_1m_Genuine

Genuine

Togo_1900_Yacht_1m_Forgery

Forgery

Postal Stationaries

Forgeries

Togo_Postal_Stationary_P9-J516_Forgery

Forged P9/J516

Togo_Postal_Stationary_P10

Forged P10/J513

Togo_Postal_Stationary_P11

Forged P11/J469

1915. Anglo-French Occupation. 30 Pfennig

Forgery

Togo_1915_French_Occupation_30pf_Forgery

Forgery

1915. Anglo-French Occupation. 1 Mark

Forgery

Togo_1915_French_Occupation_1mark_Forged_Overprint

Forged overprint on genuine stamp

Fournier Forged Postmarks

KLEIN-POPO 5/11 98

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Recommended resources

Literature

For further research

  • German Protectorate:
  • Forerunners: Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad, p.608.
  • 1-6. Overprinted issue of 1897. Fournier fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.342 (Yvert 1-6). Forged postmarks: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 7, p.189.
  • Cancellations: Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad, pp.638-45.
  • Bernhard Friedrich forged postmarks: German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol. 10, “German Colonies“ (“Cancellations 1903-1907).
  • Pictures of overprints and postmarks: German Philatelic Society Expertizing Service, “Caveat Emptor”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 39 (December 1988): 413-16.
  • Rudolph Thomas fraudulent postmarks: Paul Larsen, “‘Greasy Dick’ Fake Colonies and Offices, Vorläufer, No. 15 (April 1975: 3-10. Chas. S. Thompson, “German Colonial Postmark Fakes …”, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 35 (December 12, 1942): 329-31; Anon. Note, Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 38 (January 17, 1942): 102,3.
  • Forged postmarks: GPS Expertizing Service, “Caveat Emptor”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 36 (October 1985): 426,27.
  • Dieter Bahrs forged postmarks: GPS Expertizing Committee, “Caveat Emptor – Still Another Forger Exposed”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 26 (March 1975): 90-92.
  • Pictures of forged postmarks, including those of forerunners: Anon., “Forgeries – Warning of Early Colonial Postmarks from Johannesburg” (translated by O. Winter, from Berichte Kolonialbriefmarken sammler), The German Postal Specialist, Vol.17 (April 1966): 172-76.
  • Forged overprints and cancellations by Dieter K. of Sittensen: Dr. Werner M. Bohne, “Caveat Emptor … 25 Million Marks in Forgeries? : A Special Report”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 33 (June 1982): 246-48.
  • False postmarks of various colonies made in Berlin (pictures reduced in size): Anon., “Another Forgery Establishment Put Out of Business”, Vorläufer, No. 14 (February 1975): 3,4.
  • Fournier fraudulent cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 7, p.156 and Vol.9, p.26.
  • Arrival postmarks. Required on letters until March 31, 1909 (except for a few months beginning “after 1873). Required on registered and special delivery mail until termination of postal service, except for the period April 1, 1909 to December 21, 1909. Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad.
  • British Protectorate:
  • 67b, 68. 1p and 2p, inverted Accra print of overprint, 1915. Forged inverted surcharges and Madame Joseph fraudulent postmark: Steven J. Sensibar, “The Accra Overprint On Gold Coast Stamps“, American Philatelist, Vol. 117 (October 2003): 906-11.
  • 68,69. 2p and 2½p, double hyphen errors, Accra print of overprint on Gold Coast stamps, 1915. Forged overprint error and Madame Joseph fraudulent postmark: Steven J. Sensibar, “The Accra Overprint On Gold Coast Stamps“, American Philatelist, (October 2003): 906-11, at p.910.
  • Genuine French cancellations: John Mayne, “Togo: The French Occupation (6 August 1914-30 September 1922)”, The Journal of the France & Colonies Philatelic Society (U.K.), Vol. 49 (March 1999): 42-50, at p.45.
  • Bernhard Friedrich fraudulent postmarks. German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol. 10 (Cancellations 1903-07).
  • Madame Joseph fraudulent postmark, 22 1 15. Derek Worboys and Roger B. West, Madame Joseph Forged Postmarks, p.98.

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