Forged stamps of Shanghai

1865-1866

Large Dragons

 
Shanghai_1cand_Forgery4
Shanghai_2cand_Forgery2
Shanghai_3cand_Forgery2
Shanghai_Large_-Dragon_4cand_Forgery
Shanghai_6cand_Genuine
Shanghai_8cand_Forgery
Shanghai_3cand_Genuine

1866-1889

Small Dragons

 
Shanghai_2cents_Fournier_Forgery
Shanghai_8cents_Spiro_Forgery
Shanghai_1866_16cents_Genuine
Shanghai_1cand_Fournier_Forgery
Shanghai_1cand_yellow_Fournier_Forgery
Shanghai_3cand_Spiro_Forgery
Shanghai_6cand_Fournier_Forgery
Shanghai_8cand_Fournier_Forgery
Shanghai_Small_Dragon_20cash_Forgery
Shanghai_Small_Dragon_40cash_Forgery
Shanghai_Small_Dragon_40cash_red_Forgery
Shanghai_Small_Dragon_60cash_Forgery
Shanghai_Small_Dragon_80cash_Genuine
Shanghai_Small_Dragon_100cash_Forgery

1893-1897

Jubilee

 
Shanghai_1893_Coat-of-Arms_2c_Forgery

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  • 1-32. The “Large Dragons” of 1865-66. Da Wei, “Genuine and Fake Large Dragons Of the Former Shanghai Municipal Council – How to Distinguish Them”, China Philately, Vol. 7 (March 1988): 42,43. Seven forgeries: Joseph M. Sousa and Michael Rogers, “The Shanghai Large Dragons”, China Philately, Vol. 11 (July 1992): 24,25. Brian Buckle, “The Shanghai First Issue Forgeries”, Journal of Chinese Philately, Vol. 38 (October 1990): 15,16.  The 1974 Post Office Reprints, typographed and lithographed forgeries and fraudulent postmarks: Heinz Benzinger, “Forgeries of Shanghai’s ‘Large Dragons’“, Journal of Chinese Philately, Vol. 27 (June 1980): 102-5, continued at (August 1980): 132-38, at Vol. 28 (October 1980): 11-18, at (February 1981): 65-69, and errata at Vol. 28 (June 1981): 125. Reprints, another view to that of Heinz Benzinger: Wei-Liang Chow, “Official Reissues Of Shanghai Large Dragons”, Journal of Chinese Philately, Vol. 35 (August 1989): 130-34. E.N. Lane, “Shanghai Post Office Reprints”, Journal of Chinese Philately, Vol. 32 (December 1984): 11. H.G. Leslie Fletcher, “Shanghai Wood Block Dies”, The London Philatelist, Vol. 78 (July 1969): 196. H.G. Leslie Fletcher, “Shanghai – The ‘Large Dragons’“, Journal of Chinese Philately, Vol. 17 (October 1969): 4 and facing page. Seven forgeries: Joseph M. Sousa and Michael Rogers, “The Shanghai Large Dragons”, 8 pp. (Michael Rogers, Winter Park, Fla., n.d.). Reprints, Official forgeries and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.308,9 (Yvert 1-19). Twenty forgeries and genuine postmark: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.345-55. Paper XXVIII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.72,3. Characteristics of the genuine stamps, reprints, forgeries: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.193,94. Official imitations of Scott 1-4: Fred J. Melville, “Counterfeited By Authority: Governments that have Forged Stamps”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 3 (January 1937): 5,20; correction at (February 1937): 7. Fraudulent postmarks: Richard Canman, “Warning Regarding Faked ‘F1’ Cancellations on Shanghai Local Post Stamps”, The China Clipper, Vol. 21 (July 1957): 80. Manuscript cancellations that are genuine postal cancellations: D.H. Vernon, “Gilbert And Ellice Islands: Manuscript Cancellations”, The Stamp Lover, Vol. 64 (September-October 1972): 133-35. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: S.G. Jupp, “Some Local Stamps Of China – Shanghai”, Godden’s Gazette, Vol. 7 (April 1940): 99-101. Reprints of 1,2,11,32 on toned paper: Scott Classic Specialized Catalogue, note following 41a; (11,32) Dr. Franz Kalckhoff, An Illustrated Catalogue of All Known Reprints Of Officially Issued Postage Stamps, Envelopes, Post Cards, Wrappers, Etc. And How To Detect Them, p.58. Reprints and Official Imitations of the 1ca, 2ca and 3ca: Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p.129. Genuine cancellation: Edwin Mueller, “from our Expert’s Desk”, Mercury Stamp Journal, Vol. 4, Whole No.4 (December 1958): 281.
  • 33a-41a. Large Dragons on coarse-porous wove paper. These are reprints: Scott Classic Catalog. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: S.G. Jupp, “Some Local Stamps Of China – Shanghai”, Godden’s Gazette, Vol. 7 (April 1940): 99-101.
  • 42-45,50. “Small Dragons” cents issues of 1866 and 1872. Kamigata and Spiro Brothers forgeries of the 8c, 1866: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.269. Fournier and other forgeries and Fournier fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.309,10 (Yvert 20-23 and following 1-19 for postmark). Characteristics of the genuine stamps, forgeries: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.194,95. Two forgeries of the 2c, 1866, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.355,56. Forgery of the 2c, 1866 and fraudulent postmark: Anon., “A Fake Yokohama Cancel On A Fantasy Shanghai Stamp”, Japanese Philately, Vol. 48 (June 1993): 113.
    46-49. Small Dragon Candereen issue of 1866. Spiro Brothers and Kamigata forgeries of the 1ca, 1866: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.270. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.310 (Yvert 24-27). Two forgeries of the 1ca and 6ca, 1866, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.356-58. Characteristics of the genuine stamps, forgeries: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p .195.
  • 51-68,78-83. Provisional issues of 1873 and 1877. Forged surcharge. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.310 (Yvert 28-35 and 43-46).
  • 69-76. Issues of 1875 and 1876. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.310 (Yvert 36-42).
  • 84-88,92-96. Issues of 1877 and 1880. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.310 (Yvert 47-62 and 56-60, 69-73). Characteristics of the genuine stamps, forgeries: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.195. Kamigata forgeries of the 20 Cash stamps of 1877,1880: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.272. Forgeries of the 80cash and 100cash, 1877 and 1880: Alden C. Johnson, Forgeries Old and New, Vol. 1, p.32. See “86,94,104,113 ” below for more citations.
  • 86,94,104,113 (Design Type A13). 60 Cash stamps of 1877,1880,1885, and 1888. Kamigata forgeries. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.271. A.C. Johnson, “The Counterfeit Detector”, The S.P.A. Journal, Vol. 5 (January 1943): 130; Alden C. Johnson, Forgeries Old and New, Vol. 1, p.31.
  • 89-91,98-100,109,10. Provisionals of 1879,1884, and 1886. Forged surcharge. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.310 (Yvert 53-55,61-67).
  • 102,111 (Design Type A11). 20 Cash stamps of 1885, and 1888. Kamigata forgeries. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.272.
  • 105,06,114,15 (Design Type A14). 80cash and 100cash, 1885,88. Alden C. Johnson, Forgeries Old and New, Vol. 1, p.32.
  • 151,52. 1c Provisional stamps of 1893. Forged surcharge. Anon., “Odd And Interesting”, The China Clipper, Vol. 18 (July 1954): 75.
    Genuine postmarks: Liu Guangshi, “The Postal Markings of the Shanghai Local Post Office”, China Philately, Vol. 3 (September 1984): 44-47.
  • China Treaty Ports
  • Generally. Genuine postmarks: Shi Jihong, “Postmarks of China’s Treaty Ports”, China Philately, Vol. 4 (January 1985): 34,35, continued at (March 1985): 44,45,47; Liu Guangshi, “The Postal Markings of the Shanghai Local Post Office”, China Philately, Vol. 3 (September 1984): 44-47.
  • Amoy. Forerunners, genuine postmarks on Shanghai stamps: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 32, p.79. Genuine cancellations: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.469.
  • Canton. Genuine cancellations: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.470.
  • Chefoo.
  • 1-16, 1893, 1894, 1896. Characteristics of genuine stamps and cancellations: Shi Jihong (T.H. Sze), “Random Notes on Chefoo Treaty Port Stamps”, China Philately, Vol. 3 (November 1984): 46-48. Genuine cancellations: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.474.
  • 1-5 overprinted “POSTAGE DUE” are clandestine, not officially authorized. Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, note after 16.
  • Chunking: 211,230. 1893-94 red 2c issue. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.61.
  • Foochow.
  • Forerunners, genuine postmarks on Shanghai stamps: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 32, p.85.
  • Genuine postmarks: Bill Johnson, “The treaty port local issues of China”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 39 (January 1973): pp.67-69; The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.471; Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, note before 1.
  • Hankow.
  • Forerunners, genuine postmarks on Shanghai stamps: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 32, p.85.
  • Genuine postmarks: E.F. Hurt, “Hankow – China”, The Philatelist, Vol. 9 (June 1943): 178-80; Bill Johnson, “The treaty port local issues of China”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 39 (January 1973): 67-69; The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.475.
  • Ichang. Genuine postmarks: E.F. Hurt, “Ichang – China”, The Philatelist, Vol. 9 (January 1943): 87,88.
  • Kewkiang. Forgeries of 3, 1c, 1894 and genuine cancellations: Bill Johnson, “The treaty port local issues of China”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 39 (May 1973): 58-60.
  • Kiungchow (HoiHow). Genuine cancellations: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.475.
  • Nanking. Genuine postmarks: Lloyd S. Ruland, “Nanking And Its Local Post”, The China Clipper, Vol. 4 (April 1940): 57-61, at p.61; Bill Johnson, “The treaty port local issues of China”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 39 (May 1973): 58-60.
  • Ningpo. Genuine postmarks: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.471.
  • Shanghai. Genuine postmarks: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.472.
  • Swatow. Genuine postmarks: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.473.
  • Tientsin. Genuine cancellations: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps 1661-1947, Vol. III, p.475.
  • Wei Hai Wei. 3,4, 1899. H.B.R. Clarke, “Wei Hai Wei”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 30 (May 1951): 115-28, at p.123. Reprints: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog. Genuine cancellations: Bill Johnson, “The treaty port local issues of China”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 39 (May 1973): 58-60.
  • Wuhu 3. 1c brown, 1894. Kamigata forgery. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.321. Genuine postmarks: Charles W. Dougan, “Shanghai Local Post: Wuhu”, American Philatelist, Vol. 92 (May 1978): 483-89; Bill Johnson, “The treaty port local issues of China: The Concluding Section”, Stamp Magazine (U.K.), Vol. 39 (October 1973): 56-59.

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