Forged stamps of Philippines

1854. Queen Isabella II. 5 Centavos

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Philippines_1_Genuine

Genuine

Philippines_1_Sperati_Forgery

Sperati forgery

Philippines_1_Forgery

Forgery

1854. Queen Isabella II. 10 Centavos

Forgeries

Philippines_2_Sperati_Forgery

Sperati forgery

Made from position 33 in the sheet.

The central stroke of the ‘F’ in ‘FRANCO’ is very weak.

There is a white dot in the upper right side of the ‘0’ in ’10’.

The right frame line has an ‘extension’ just above the level of the nose.

Philippines_2_Sperati_Forgery2

Sperati forgery

Philippines_2_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1855. Queen Isabella II. 5 Centavos

Forgeries

philippines_1855_queen_isabella_sc6_forgery

Torres forgery – Gooding #6F14

philippines_1855_queen_isabella_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1859. Queen Isabella II. 5 Centavos

Forgeries

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_5c_Forgery

Forgery

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_5c_Forgery2

Forgery

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_5c_Forgery3

Forgery

Philippines_Queen_Isabella_5c_Torres_illustration4

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

Philippines_Queen_Isabella_5c_Torres_illustration3

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

Philippines_Queen_Isabella_5c_Torres_illustration2

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

Philippines_Queen_Isabella_5c_Torres_illustration1

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1859. Queen Isabella II. 1 Real

Forgeries

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_1r_green_Forgery

Forgery

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_1r_green_Forgery2

Forgery

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_1r_brown_Forgery

Forgery

Philippines_1859_Queen_Isabella_1r_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1898. Alfonso. Telegrafos. 60 Centavos

Forgeries

Philippines_1898_60_Centavos_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Philippines_1898_60_Centavos_Forgery

Forgery

1898. Alfonso. Telegrafos. 80 Centavos

Forgeries

Philippines_1898_80_Centavos_Fournier_Forgery2

Fournier forgery

Philippines_1898_80_Centavos_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1898. Alfonso. Telegrafos. Un Peso

Forgeries

Philippines_1898_Un_Peso_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Philippines_1898_Un_Peso_Fournier_Forgery2

Fournier forgery

1898. Alfonso. Telegrafos. Dos Pesos

Forgery

Philippines_1898_Dos_Peso_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1899. Telegraph. Aguinaldo. 2 Cents

Genuine vs. Forgery

Philippines_Telegrafos_2c_Genuine

Genuine

Philippines_Telegrafos_2c_Forgery

Forgery

1899-1904. US Stamps surcharged Philippines

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Philippines_1899-1904_5c_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Philippines_1899-1904_15c_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Philippines_1899_1dollar_Genuine

Genuine

Philippines_Fournier_Forged_Surcharge1

Fournier forged overprint

Philippines_1901_5dollar_Genuine

Genuine

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Literature

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  • 1-5. The engraved issue of 1854. Fohl, Sperati and other forgeries: Nigel Gooding, Spanish- Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 1-16. J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), pp.61,62. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.274,75 (Yvert 1-4). Two forgeries of the 5c and 1r, forgeries of the 10c and 2r, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.206-9. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.205. Englehardt Fohl forgeries of the 1r and 2r stamps: Varro E. Tyler, Philatelic Forgers: Their Lives and Works, Revised Edition, pp.28,29. Sperati forgery of the 10c stamp: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, pp.133,34 and Plate 86. Senf brothers facsimiles of the 10c and 1r: Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968): 196.
  • 6,7. The 5c short neck stamps of 1855. Sperati, Schröder, other forgeries, Senf facsimile: Nigel Gooding, Spanish-Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 17-28. J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), p.62. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.205. Forgery of the Redrawn 5c: Robson Lowe, The Oswald Schröder Forgeries, p.9. Two Sperati forgeries of the 5c (6): British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.134 and Plate 86. Senf brothers facsimile of 5c or redrawn 5c: Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968): 196.
  • 8,9. 1r and 2r, watermarked loops, 1856. Forged postmarks: Nigel Gooding, Spanish-Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 29,30.
  • 9a,10a (Errors). 5r (color error) and 6r (cliché of 2r in plate of 6r), 1851. The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.112 and Plates 68 and 69.
  • 10,12,13. 5c stamps, 1859 and 1861-62. Four forgeries: Eduardo Escalada-Goicoechea, “Philippines: The Emission 5 & 10 Cuartos 1858-1862“, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal No. 13 (April 2010): 101-104. Three forgeries of the 1859 issue, forgeries of the 1861 and 1862 issues: Nigel Gooding, Spanish-Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 31-33, 37-39. Forgeries of the 1861,62 issue(s): J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), p.63. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.275,76 (Yvert 7,8 and 10). Forgery of the 5c, 1859 and the dull red of 1862, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.210-12. Characteristics of the genuine 5c, 1859: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.205 and p.206 (1861 and 1862).
  • 11. 10c rose, 1859. Two forgeries of the 1859 issue: Nigel Gooding, Spanish-Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 34-36. Forgeries: Eduardo Escalada- Goicoechea, “Philippines: The Emission 5 & 10 Cuartos 1858-1862“, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal No. 13 (April 2010): 101-104. J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), p.62. Characteristics of the genuine stamp: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.205.
  • 14-20. Regular issue of 1863.52 Sperati and other forgeries: Nigel Gooding, Spanish-Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 40-59. J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), p.63. Forgery of the 5c: W.J. Eckhardt, “A Forgery of the 5 Cuarto Vermillion Issue of 1863 of the Philippines”, American Philatelist, Vol. 62 (January 1949): 289,302. Forgery of the 5c, 10c, 1r and 2r (Correos Interior): The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.276 (Yvert 9,11-13). Forgeries of the 5c and 10c, four forgeries of the 1r and 2r (Correos Interior), genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, pp.212-15. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.206,7. The 5c, 1863: Paper VII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.29. Sperati forgeries of the 1r and 2r (Correos Interior): British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.135 and Plate 87. Senf brothers facsimile of the violet 1r: Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968): 196.
  • 21-24. Left-facing Queen, 1864. Segui and other forgeries: Nigel Gooding, Spanish-Philippine Stamp Forgeries, Vol.I (by Author, Surrey, U.K., 2006): 60-70. Forgery of the 31⁄8c: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.214. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.276, 319 (Yvert 15-18 and Spain 59-64). Two forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 2, p.215. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.207. Paper XX, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.57,58.
  • 24A-38. “Habilitado Por La Nacion“ handstamp of Provisional Government, 1868-69. Reprint of overprint:: Don Peterson, “Spanish Philippines: Reprint of the “Habilitado Por La Nacion“ Handstamp“, American Philatelist,, Vol. 124 (December 2010): 1144-1150. For a different view, see Jaume Balsells, letter to the Editor (and reply of Peterson), American Philatelist,, Vol. 125 (March 2011): 202,203. J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), pp.64-66. Reprints: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 39-42. “Spain” issue, 1871.
  • 44. 16c King Amadeo stamp, 1872. Sperati forgery: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, pp.135.36 and Plate 87.
  • 50,51. 62c, 1p25c Peace stamps, 1874. Sperati forgery of the 1p25: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.136 and Plate 87.
  • 53. 2c blue 1877. Sperati forgery: Robson Lowe and Carl Walske, The Work of Jean De Sperati II/ Including Previously Unlisted Forgeries, p.70 and Plate D.
  • 59-61. Provisional issue of 1877-79. Forged surcharge: J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), pp.67.
  • 64,66,69. 25m.100m and 200m values of the Milesimas issue of 1879. Sperati forgeries: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, pp.136,37 and Plate 88.
  • 89-131. Various Provisional issues with handstamped surcharge, 1881-88, 1887, 1888, 1881-88. Forged surcharge: J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), pp.68-73.
  • 181-91. Provisional issue of 1897. Forged surcharge: J. Murray Bartels, F. Apthorp Foster and F.L. Palmer, The Postage Stamps Of The Philippines (Bartels Company, Boston, 1904), pp.74-76. Reprints (?): Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 192-211. Left-facing figure, 1898. Fournier forgeries of the 60c, 80c, 1p and 2p and fraudulent postmarks. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.276,77 (Yvert 172-75); Forgeries of higher values and fraudulent postmark: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.207.
  • 212-40, E1, J1. Overprinted First issue under U.S. Administration, 1899-1900. Forged overprint. Gilbert M. Plas, “Overprints at 36“, Possessions, Vol. 5 (Third Quarter, 1982): 17. Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. III, p.56. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.207 (1899). Special Printings: Scott U.S. Specialized Catalog, notes following 219, 225 and 240.
  • —– Scott unlisted (not valid for postage) but noted following 296. Madrid Industrial Exhibition, 1907. Reprints: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, note following 296; Linn’s editors, “Collectors‘ Forum: Exhibiton labels“, Linn’s Stamp News (July 27, 2009): 38.
  • 300,07,09. 15c, 4p and 10p values of the Medallion issue, 1909-22. Fake of the 10p (made from the 15c), postal forgeries of the 15c and 4p: Theo Van Dam, “Spain: The Madallion Issues of 1909-1920”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 50 (January 1971): 19-29.
  • 373-85. Railway Congress, 1930. Forgeries: Enrique Soro Berqua, “The Issue for the XI International Railway Congress of Spain for the year 1930 and Forgeries of it”, FFE – Journal, No. 7 (May 2004): 47-56.
  • 433-46. Small “Commonwealth” overprint, 1938-40. Official reprints (made in Washington D.C. during the War) are different shades: Gilbert N. Plas, “Victory Issue of 1945”, Possessions, Vol.6, Whole No. 19 (First Quarter 1983): 10-12.
  • 462b,c. 2c. Rizal booklet stamp, 1941-43. Official reprints: Gilbert N. Plas, “Philippine Reprints“, Possessions, Vol. 5, (Third Quarter, 1982): 17,18. Reprints: George B. Sloane, “Sloane’s Column”, Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 46 (January 22, 1944): 121, continued at (February 12, 1944): 229.
  • 463-84. “Victory“ handstamp, 1944. Forged overprint: Geoffrey Brewster, “Philippines Handstamped ‘Victory‘ Issue“, Possessions, Vol. 27 w.n. 102 (Fourth Quarter 2006): 12-39.
  • 464, 65. 2c apple green and 4c Woman and Carabao, overprinted “Victory“, 1944. The revenue overprint “Victory/ Act 1189“ is bogus: Eugene A. Garrett, “Philippine ’victory’ stamps: Anatomy of a fake“, Stamp Collector, Vol.51 (August 27, 1977): 26,27.
  • 494. 1p, ‘Victory’ overprint, 1945. Postal forgery of overprint: Arnold H. Warren, “A Forgery Of The Philippines ‘Victory’ Overprint Made To Defraud The Government” The Bureau Specialist, Vol. 19 (December 1948): 285,302.
  • 1905. Constitution Ratification issue, 1987. Stanley R. Sandler, “Detection of Philatelic Fakes and Forgeries Using Visual and Infrared Spectroscopic Methods”, American Philatelist, Vol. 105 (September 1991): 808-10.
  • 2230. Miró stamp, 1981. Postal forgery: Alfredo Navarro Payá, “The Last Postal Forgery, Which Appeared in Spain on a design by Joan Miró, Dedicted to his Friend Picasso”, FFE – Journal, No. 7 (May 2004): 87-91.
  • Genuine postmarks to 1873: Don Mariano Pardo Figueroa, “Obliteration Marks (Matasellos) on Spanish Stamps”, read before the London Philatelic Society Vol. XI The Stamp Collector’s Magazine, (London, E. Marlborough & Co. and Bath, Alfred Smith & Co., 1873): pp. 51,52.
  • Genuine early postmarks: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 10, pp.202-204.
  • Sperati fraudulent cancellations: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.139 and Plate 90.
  • C1-C17. Overprinted Madrid-Manilla Flight issue of 1926. Forged overprints: Henry M. Goodkind, “Madrid – Manila Flight Commemorative Stamps Of Philippines: Part 3”, Aero Philatelist’s News, Vol. 4 (January 1, 1949): 2,3. Forged overprint: Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. III, p.56.
  • CB6. 45c+2p overprinted “+5p” Airmail semi-postal stamp of 1938. See “ C91,CB6“ above for the citation.
  • MR5,MR10. 5c War tax stamp of 1876 and 15c War tax stamp of 1877. Postal forgeries: Postal Forgeries of the World, p.129.
  • O1-O4. Official stamps of 1854. The Serrane Guide, p.324 (Yvert 1-4). Forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Album Weeds, Vol. 2, pp.416,17. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: Dorn, p.203.
  • O5-O8. Official stamps of 1855-61. Spiro Brothers (second) forgeries: Focus (S) #363, Linn’s Stamp News (October 8, 2001): 6. Spiro Brothers (first) forgeries: Paper XV, The Spud Papers, p.47. Fournier forgeries and postmark: The Serrane Guide, p.324 (Yvert 5-8). Three forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Album Weeds, Vol.2, pp.418,19.
  • X1,X2. Carlist stamps of 1873. Forgeries: Edŭardo Escalada, “The Carlista Forgeries Wrongly Called Re-impressions”, FFE – Journal, Vol.7 (May 2004): 117-22.
  • X3-X7. Carlist issues of 1874 and 1875. Spiro Brothers forgeries of the violet 1r and the 16m, 1874: Linn’s Focus on Forgeries, pp.291,90.
  • Filipino Revolutionary Government (Gen. Emilio Aquinaldo) issues, 1898,99: Aquinaldos reprints: Fred J. Melville, Phantom Philately, pp.159,60.
  • Y2. 2c Stamp, 1898. Theodore Sheldon, “A New Philippine Counterfeit”, Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 51 (April 7, 1945): 18.
  • YF1. Registration stamp. George B. Sloane, “Sloane’s Column” (“U.S. Varieties”), Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 25 (December 3, 1938): 337.
  • YP1, YP1a. 1m Newspaper stamp of 1898-99. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.215. George B. Sloane, “Sloane’s Column” (“U.S. Varieties”), Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 30 (February 3, 1940): 157.

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