Forged stamps of Latvia

Latvija

1919. Redrawn Sun Issue. 5 Kapeikas

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1918_1_Genuine

Genuine

Latvia_1918_1_Fogery

Sekula forgery

Latvia_1918_1_Sheet_Fogery
Latvia_1918_1_Sheet__Backside_Fogery

Forgeries were printed on genuine German military maps. They are gummed with a yellowish gum applied by brush. 

1919. Redrawn Sun Issue. 20 Kapeikas

Forgery

Latvia_1919_Sun_20k_Sekula_Forgery

Sekula forgery

1919. Liberation of Kurland. 10 Kapeikas

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1919_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_10k_Genuine

Genuine

1. Armpit above shield forms a branch with a much shorter left line on the “Y”

2. Lower crease on left leg is made up of two converging lines that don’t meet.

Latvia_1919_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_10k_Siimson-Kull_Forgery

Siimson & Kull forgery

1. The armpit crease forms more equal lengths creating a “Y”

2. The left pants leg crease is an inverted “V.”

1919. Liberation of Kurland. 25 Kapeikas

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1919_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_25k_Genuine

Genuine

1. Armpit above shield forms a branch with a much shorter left line on the “Y”

2. Lower crease on left leg is made up of two converging lines that don’t meet.

Latvia_1919_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_25k_Siimson-Kull_Forgery

Siimson & Kull forgery

1. The armpit crease forms more equal lengths creating a “Y”

2. The left pants leg crease is an inverted “V.”

1919. Liberation of Kurland. 35 Kapeikas

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1920_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_35k_Genuine

Genuine

1. Armpit above shield forms a branch with a much shorter left line on the “Y”

2. Lower crease on left leg is made up of two converging lines that don’t meet.

Latvia_1920_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_35k_Siimson-Kull_Forgery

Siimson & Kull forgery

1. The armpit crease forms more equal lengths creating a “Y”

2. The left pants leg crease is an inverted “V.”

1919. Liberation of Kurland. 1 Rublis

Forgery

Latvia_1920_Liberation_of_Kurzeme_1r_Siimson-Kull_Forgery

Siimson & Kull forgery

1. The armpit crease forms more equal lengths creating a “Y”

2. The left pants leg crease is an inverted “V.”

1928. Airmail. Plane above Riga. 10 Santimi

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1928_Airmail_10s_Genuine

Genuine

Latvia_1928_Airmail_10s_Forgery

Forgery

1928. Airmail. Plane above Riga. 15 Santimi

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1928_Airmail_15s_Genuine

Genuine

Latvia_1928_Airmail_15s_Genuine_Essay

Genuine – essay

Latvia_1928_Airmail_15s_Forgery

Forgery

1928. Airmail. Plane above Riga. 25 Santimi

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Latvia_1928_Airmail_25s_Genuine

Genuine

Latvia_1928_Airmail_25s_Forgery

Forgery

Latvia_1928_Airmail_25s_Forgery2

Forgery

1931. Airmail. Surcharged Latvijas Aizsargi

Forgeries

Latvia_1931_Airmail_Latvijas_Aizsargi-overprint_10s_Forgery

Forgery

Latvia_1931_Airmail_Latvijas_Aizsargi-overprint_15s_Forgery

Forgery

Latvia_1931_Airmail_Latvijas_Aizsargi-overprint_25s_Forgery

Forgery

1933. Airmail. Surcharged Latvija-Afrika 1933

Forgeries

Latvia_1933_Airmail_Latvia-Gambia-overprint_15s_Siimson-Kull_Forgery

Siimson & Kull forgery

Latvia_1933_Airmail_Latvia-Gambia-overprint_15s_Forgery

Forgery

1933. Airmail. Surcharged Latvija-Afrika 1933

Forgeries

Latvia_1933_Airmail_Latvia-Gambia-overprint_15s_Forgery

Forgery

Latvia_1933_Airmail_Latvia-Gambia-overprint_25s_Forgery

Forgery

1933. Airmail. 3+53 Santimi

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1933_Airmail_3-53s_Imperforate_Genuine

Genuine imperforate

Latvia_1933_Airmail_3-53s_Forgery

Forgery

1933. Airmail. 7+57 Santimi

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1933_Airmail_7-57s_Imperforate_Genuine

Genuine imperforate

Latvia_1933_Airmail_7-57s_Forgery

Forgery

1933. Airmail. 35+135 Santimi

Genuine vs. Forgery

Latvia_1933_Airmail_35-135s_Imperforate_Genuine

Genuine imperforate

Latvia_1933_Airmail_35-135s_Forgery

Forgery

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Links

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Literature

For further research

  • 1,2. 5p Map stamps (printed on the back of German military maps), 1918. Reprint and forgery: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, pp.3,4; J. Barefoot (Investments) Ltd., European Philately, 12: Latvia Map Stamps, V. Tuffs, A. Hall, B.K. Snell, and J. Michaelson research (J. Barefoot (Investments) Ltd, York, England, 1983, Second Printing 1987) S.B. A. Veveris, “Forgeries of Latvia No 1-2”, The S.P.A. Journal, Vol. 21 (February 1959): 300,1. The perforated 5k: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.214 (Yvert 2). Reprints: A. Nuksa, “1918 Latvian Issue Printed On The German Military Maps”, Russian Philatelist, No.7 (December 1965): 31-36, continued at No.8 (September 1966): 11-13. Three forgeries: Bill Apsit, “Latvian Collecting”.
  • 3-5. Redrawn Sun issue on paper with ruled lines, 1919. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.152.
  • 9, 13A,16. 3k, 25k and 75k values of the Sun issue on pelure paper, 1919. Kull forgeries of 3k, 25k and 75k values and fraudulent postmark: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.5; Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. (Michel 6,11,14), pp.36-38. Forgery of the 25k: Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. II, pp.41,42. Reprints and forgeries of 5k, 10k, 20k values: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.6.
  • 49-51. Riga Liberation, unwatermarked, 1919. Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.7.
  • 64-67. Kurland Liberation, 1919-20. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.153; Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.8.
  • 70,71. First National Asssembly issue, 1920. Kull and Siimson forgeries and fraudulent postmark: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.9 and Introduction. Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. II, p.9.
  • 83-85. Provisional issue of 1920. Kull forged 20r and 30r surcharges and fraudulent postmark: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.10 and Introduction; Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , pp.26,27. Forged overprints: A. Rosselevitch and A. Nuksa, “Counterfeit Overprints On Latvian Stamps Printed On The Reverse of Bank-Notes” (translated by A. Swatkovsky), Russian Philatelist, No.10 (July 1968): 7-9.
  • 86,87. 2r Provisional Sun stamps, 1920-21. Kull and another forged surcharge: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.11. Forgery of the 2r on 10k surcharge: Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , p.31.
  • 95-99. Surcharged Latgale Relief issue, 1921. Kull and another forged surcharges and Kull fraudulent postmark: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, pp.13,14. Forged overprints: A. Rosselevitch and A. Nuksa, “Counterfeit Overprints On Latvian Stamps Printed On The Reverse of Bank-Notes”, (translated by A. Swatkovsky), Russian Philatelist, No.10 (July 1968): 7-9. Forged surcharge and postmark: Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , pp.32-34.
  • 132-34. Provisional stamps, 1927. Kull, Siimson and another forgeries, and Kull fraudulent postmark: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.15. Kull forged surcharge of 1 l on 3r and postmark: Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , p.30.
  • 311. Soviet 2k definitive overprinted “Latvija 1000”, 1993. Forged overprint: Arturs Rubenis, “Forged Latvian overprints; three new sets”, Linn’s Stamp News (January 17, 1994): 14; F.I.P. Commission for the Fight against Forgeries, “Forged Latvian Surcharges“, Flash #48 (June 1994): 12,17.
  • B13-B20. Unwatermarked Provisional issue of 1921. Forged overprints: A. Rosselevitch and A. Nuksa, “Counterfeit Overprints On Latvian Stamps Printed On The Reverse of Bank-Notes”, (translated by A. Swatkovsky), Russian Philatelist, No.10 (July 1968): 7-9. Siimson forged surcharge and postmark: Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , p.29. Siimson and another forged surcharges: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 1, p.12.
  • B28. 50s (60s), 1925. Forgery and false postmark: Harry V. Hoffmann, “The ‘300 liepaja 300’ Special Postmark Also Forged”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No. 8 (May 2005): 21-23.
  • C1,C4,C5,C7. Airmail stamps: 10r of 1921, 15s and 25s of 1928, and 15s of 1931. Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, pp.164-6 (Sanabria Airmail Catalog 1-4,6). Forgery of the 10r stamp: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 2 Airmails, p.3.
  • C2. 20r Airmail stamp, 1921. Barefoot,Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 2 Airmails, p.4.
  • C3-C8. Airmail issues of 1928 and 1931-32. Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 2 Airmails, p.5.
  • C6-C8.Airmail stamps of 1931-32. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.154.
  • C9-C13. “Latvija – Afrika 1933.” overprinted Airmail stamps, 1933. Forged basic stamps and surrcharges and genuine postmarks: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 2 Airmails, pp.8-12. Forgeries of overprint and basic stamp: A. Nuksa, “Airmail Stamps ‘Latvija – Afrika’”, Russian Philatelist, No.5 (March-April 1965): 31-38. Forged overprint: Arnold Engel, “The Fake and Genuine Latvian Flight Covers”, American Philatelist, Vol. 97 (November 1983): 992-94. Forged overprint: Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, pp.169-70 (Sanabria Airmail Catalog 45-49).
  • Kull fraudulent postmark on C83-C85,C83a-C85a. Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , pp.27,28.
  • CB3-CB5, CB3a-CB5a. Provisional Airpost Semi Postal stamps, 1933. Fakes, Kull forged surcharge and fraudulent postmarks: Kurt Kayssner, Check to the Forgers: an Indispensable Resource for the Collector, etc. , pp.27,28. Forged surcharges: Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, pp.167,68 (Sanabria Airmail Catalog 15-20); Forged surcharges on genuine stamps and forgeries of the basic stamp and surcharges: Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 2 Airmails, pp.6,7. Forged overprints are on different underlying stamps: A. Nuksa, “The Overprinted Latvian Airmail Issue of 1931”, Russian Philatelist, No.9 (July 1967): 18-22.
  • CB18-CB20. Air mail Semi-Postal stamps, wounded aviator issue, l933. Barefoot, Forgery & Reprint Guide Part 9: Latvia 2 Airmails, pp.13-15.

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