Forged Stamps of Kiautschou

Kiauchou

1900. Reichpost surcharged China 5 on 10 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Kiautschou_1900_5pf-on-10pf_Type1_Genuine

Genuine – type 1

Kiautschou_1900_5pf-on-10pf_Type3_Genuine

Genuine – type 3

Kiautschou_1900_5pf-on-10pf_Type3a_Genuine

Genuine – type 3a

Only 3 exist

Kiautschou_1900_5pf-on-10pf_Forgery1

Forgery

Kiautschou_1900_5pf-on-10pf_Forgery2

Forgery

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 25 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgery

Kiautschou_25pfennig_Genuine

Genuine

Kiautschou_25pfennig_Specimen_Genuine

Genuine – Specimen

Kiautschou_25pfennig_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 40 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgery

Kiautschou_40pfennig_Genuine

Genuine

Kiautschou_40pfennig_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1901. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 80 Pfennig

Genuine vs. Forgery

Kiautschou_80pfennig_Genuine

Genuine

Kiautschou_80pfennig_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1905-1919. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 4 Cents

Genuine vs. Forgery

Kiautschou_4cents_Genuine

Genuine

Kiautschou_4cents_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

1905-1919. Kaiseryacht SMY Hohenzollern. 20 Cents

Genuine vs. Forgery

Kiautschou_20cents_Genuine

Genuine

Kiautschou_20cents_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Postal Stationaries

Forgeries

Kiautschou_Postal_Stationary_P2

Forged P2/J478

Kiautschou_Postal_Stationary_P3

Forged P3/J472

Kiautschou_Postal_Stationary_P5

Forged P5/J479

Kiautschou_Postal_Stationary_P6

Forged P6/J480

Forged Postmarks

The loss of the colonies in the early stage of World War I meant that the prices for cancelled stamps increased dramatically. This gave rise to a range of postmark forgeries. Illegal use of genuine cancellers, with backdated use also exist.

The cancellers consisted of a wooden-handled metal unit with interchangeable single digits for the dates and a single double-digit slug for the year.

The general rule issued by the German Reichpost was that stamps with Pfenning values had to be cancelled with one strike of the cancel, preferably centered. Mark values had to be cancelled by applying the cancel twice. Some collectors, however, preferred only a single cancellation centered on the stamp. These Mark values are ‘cancelled to order’, thus not genuinely postally used.

 

Kiautschou_Kaiseryacht_2.5Dollar_Postmark_Forgery

Forged postmark

‘18.6’ – should be ’18 / 6′

Experts

Get certificates from this expert

Links

Recommended resources

Literature

For further research

  • A1-A12. Forerunners. German 25pf stamp used in Kiauchau. Fraudulent postmark: German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol. 10, “German Colonies” (Michel Kiautschou Vorlänfer 49 b). Common postmarks: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, pictures at beginning of section. Genuine cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 6, pp.84,85. Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad, pp.664,65.
  • 1-9. 5pf First Tsingtau issue, 1900. Many forged surcharges: German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol. 10, “German Colonies” (Michel Kiautschou 1 I, 1 II, Michel Kiautschou 2, 2 I). For Fournier forgery of basic stamp, see Germany, Design Types A9 and A10.
  • 10-18, 23-28, 33-38. Kaiser’s Yacht common design, issues of 1901,1905, and 1905-09. German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol.10, “German Colonies“ (Michel Kiautschou 5-13, 18-23, 28-33). Fournier forgeries and fraudulent postmark: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.105,213. (Yvert 1-13,14-23). Forged cancellations and subsequent cancellations on pf values: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 28, p.117. For Fournier forgery of basic stamp, also see German East Africa 11-18,22-34.
  • 22. 5m Kiaser’s Yacht, 1901. Fraudulent cancellation: German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol.10, “German Colonies“ (Michel German Offices in China, Petschili Issue VI n). Note that the citation is to “Offices in China“ in the German Offices Abroad section.
  • 33-42. Kaiser’s Yacht, new currency, watermarked, 1905-09. Fraudulent cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 28, p.108.
  • Genuine postmarks. Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad, pp.664,65 and 683-92. E..N. Lane, “The German Post Office in China”, Journal of Chinese Philately, Vol. 18 (April 1971): 235-52, continued at (June 1971): 262-79 (translation of the German language “History of the Philatelic Documents of the German Post in China”, Dipl. Wirtschaftler H – Zimmermann). Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 28, p.114 and Vol.32, pp.21,22.
  • Favor and backdated cancellations: Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad, pp.697,98. Forged and subsequent cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 28, p.117.
    Fraudulent postmarks, 1901-07. German Philatelic Society Expertizing Service, “Caveat Emptor”, The German Postal Specialist,Vol. 36 (May 1985): 190.
  • Bernhard Friedrich fraudulent postmarks: German Philatelic Society Reference Manual of Forgeries, Vol. 10, “German Colonies” (Kiautschou Cancellations 1901-1907).
  • Fournier fraudulent cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 28, p.115.
  • Pictures of overprints and postmarks: German Philatelic Society Expertizing Service, “Caveat Emptor”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 39 (December 1988): 413-16.
  • Rudolph Thomas fraudulent postmarks: Paul Larsen, “‘Greasy Dick’ Fake Colonies and Offices, Vorläufer, No. 15 (April 1975: 3-10. Chas. S. Thompson, “German Colonial Postmark Fakes …”, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 35 (December 12, 1942): 329-31; Anon. Note, Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 38 (January 17, 1942): 102,3.
  • Forged postmarks: GPS Expertizing Service, “Caveat Emptor”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 36 (October 1985): 426,27.
  • Dieter Bahrs forged postmarks: GPS Expertizing Committee, “Caveat Emptor – Still Another Forger Exposed”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 26 (March 1975): 90-92.
  • Pictures of forged postmarks, including those of forerunners: Anon., “Forgeries – Warning of Early Colonial Postmarks from Johannesburg” (translated by O. Winter, from Berichte Kolonialbriefmarken sammler), The German Postal Specialist, Vol.17 (April 1966): 172-76.
  • Forged overprints and cancellations by Dieter K. of Sittensen: Dr. Werner M. Bohne, “Caveat Emptor … 25 Million Marks in Forgeries? : A Special Report”, The German Postal Specialist, Vol. 33 (June 1982): 246-48.
  • False postmarks of various colonies made in Berlin (pictures reduced in size): Anon., “Another Forgery Establishment Put Out of Business”, Vorläufer, No. 14 (February 1975): 3,4.
  • Fournier fraudulent cancellations: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 7, p.156 and Vol.9, p.26.
  • Arrival postmarks. Required on letters until March 31, 1909 (except for a few months beginning “after 1873). Required on regestered and special delivery mail until termination of postal service, except for the period April 1, 1909 to December 21, 1909. Albert Friedmann, The Stamps and Cancels of the German Colonies and the German Post Offices Abroad.

Source: The Tedesco Index

Country Index

K-O

Discuss

on Facebook

Discuss

on Google+

Contact

Stampforgeries.com