Forged stamps of Guatemala

1871. Coat of Arms. 1 Centavo

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Guatemala_1871_Coat_of_Arms_1c_Genuine

Genuine

Guatemala_1871_Coat_of_Arms_1c_Spiro_Forgery2

Spiro forgery

Guatemala_1871_Coat_of_Arms_1c_Spiro_Forgery

Spiro forgery

Guatemala_1871_Coat_of_Arms_1c_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1871. Coat of Arms. 5 Centavos

Genuine vs. Forgery

Guatemala_2_Genuine

Genuine

Guatemala_2_Spiro_Forgery

Spiro forgery

1871. Coat of Arms. 10 Centavos

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Guatemala_1871_10c_Genuine

Genuine

Guatemala_1871_10c_Spiro_Forgery

Spiro forgery

Guatemala_1871_10c_Forgery

Forgery

1871. Coat of Arms. 20 Centavos

Forgery

Guatemala_1871_20c_Spiro_Forgery

Spiro forgery

1872. Coat of Arms. 4 Real

Forgeries

Guatemala_1872_4r_Senf_Forgery

Senf forgery

Guatemala_1872_4r_Forgery

Forgery

Guatemala_1872_4r_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1872. Coat of Arms. 1 Peso

Forgeries

Guatemala_1872_1p_Senf_Forgery

Senf forgery

Guatemala_1872_1p_Forgery

Forgery

Guatemala_1872_1p_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1875. Liberty. 1/4 Real

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Guatemala_7_Genuine

Genuine

Guatemala_7_Forgery

Spiro forgery – A’s without crossbar

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_1-4_Real_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1875. Liberty. Medio Real

Forgeries

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_half-r_Forgery

Forgery

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_Medio_Real_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1875. Liberty. Un Real

Genuine vs. Forgeries

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_1r_Genuine

Genuine

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_1r_Spiro_Forgery

Spiro forgery – A’s without crossbar

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_1r_red_Forgery

Forgery – wrong color

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_Un_Real_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1875. Liberty. Dos Reales

Forgeries

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_2r_Forgery

Forgery

Guatemala_1875_Liberty_Dos_Reales_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1878. Native Indian. Medio Real

Forgeries

Guatemala_1878_Medio_Real_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Guatemala_1878_Medio_Real_Torres_illustration

Illustration by Plácido Ramón de Torres: Album ilustrado de sellos de correo, Barcelona 1879. Torres sold illustrations to various dealers/forgers from 1864 onwards, as well as made forgeries himself.

1878. Native Indian. Dos Reales

Forgery

Guatemala_1878_Native_Indian_2r_Forgery

Forgery

1878. Native Indian. Cuatro Reales

Forgery

Guatemala_1878_Native_Indian_4r_Forgery

Forgery

1878. Native Indian. 1 Peso

Forgeries

Guatemala_1878_Indian_1p_Szekula_Forgery

Szekula forgery

Guatemala_1878_1peso_Fournier_Forgery

Fournier forgery

Guatemala_1878_1peso_Forgery

Forgery

1881. Quetzal. Inscription Union Postal Universal-Guatemala

Genuine vs. Forgery

Guatemala_1881_Quetzal_2c_Genuine

Genuine

Guatemala_1881_Quetzal_2c_Sperati_Forgery

Sperati forgery

1898. Stamp Duty Surcharged

Forgery

Guatemala_1898_Stamp_Duty_2c_Forgery

Forgery

1902. Official. 1 Centavo

Forgery

Guatemala_Official_1c_Forgery

Forgery

Corners are joined

‘f’ & ‘i’ of Official apart

Perforated 11 1/2

1902. Official. 5 Centavos

Genuine vs. Forgery

Guatemala_Official_5c_Genuine

Genuine

Corners are not joined

‘f’ & ‘i’ of Official together

Perforated 12

 

Guatemala_Official_5c_Forgery

Forgery

Corners are joined

‘f’ & ‘i’ of Official apart

Perforated 11 1/2

1902. Official. 10 Centavos

Forgery

Guatemala_Official_10c_Forgery

Forgery

Corners are joined

‘f’ & ‘i’ of Official apart

Fantasy issues

Privately issued

Produced by S. A. Taylor

Guatemala_Taylor_Forgery2
Guatemala_Taylor_Forgery
Guatemala_Taylor_Forgery3
Guatemala_Card_Taylor_Forgery

Experts

Get certificates from this expert

Links

Recommended resources

Literature

For further research

  • — Forgeries of the Boston Gang bogus issue, “Guatemala Caravel” described in Phantom Philately (by Fred J. Melville), pp.110-11. Spiro Brothers and other forgeries and fraudulent postmarks: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala, Vol. 1, pp.53-56. Forgery: L.N. and M. Williams, “Bogus Stamps”, Stamp Review, Vol. 1 (August 1937): 35. Two forgeries: Wayne L. Youngblood, “A lighter shade of gray”, Scott Stamp Monthly (Second Series), Vol. 13 (January 1995): 72. W.J. Eckhardt, “The Boston Forgery” (Hawaii and Guatemala), Stamps (U.S.), Vol. 62 (February 21, 1948): 319-23. H.F. Rooke, “Forgeries of the Bogus Issues for Central and South America”, The Philatelist, Vol. 27 (January 1961): 96-99. Carl E. Kane, “A new Forgery of Guatemala’s bogus 1867 ‘Caravel Essay’“, The Philatelist, Vol. 30 (December 1963): 69. Pat Paragraphs, No.40 (March 1941): 1222,23. Forgeries and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.428,29.
  • 1-4. Typographed Coat of Arms issue of 1871. Forgeries and fraudulent postmarks: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.50,52. Spiro Brothers forgeries, and Spiro fraudulent cancellation: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.118. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.167 (Yvert 1-4). Three forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.424,25. Forgeries with wrong perforation: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.131. Spiro Brothers forgeries: Paper XXX, , Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers / An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.79.
  • 5,6. 4r and 1p, Lithographed (New) Coat of Arms, issue of 1873. Forgery of the 4r and Fournier (?) facsimiles: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.72. Facsimilies and fraudulent postmarks: Walter Lind, “Guatemala: The Older Issues, Especially The 1872 Lithographs”, The London Philatelist, Vol. 31 (March 1932): 52-58. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.167 (Yvert 5,6). Forgeries and facsimiles: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.131 (1872). Senf brothers facsimiles: Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968): 194. The 4r: Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. II, p.27.
  • 7-10. Liberty Head issue of 1875. Spiro Brothers forgeries and fraudulent cancellation: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.119. Spiro Brothers (?) forgeries and fraudulent postmark: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala, Vol. 1, p.76; Rick Miller, “World Classics: Guatemalan Liberty Head definitives of 1875 had short period of use”, Linn’s Stamp News, (October 8, 2007): 19. Fournier forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.167 (Yvert 7-10). Forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.424-27. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.131. Forgeries of the ¼r and 2r: Hugh Watchorn, ”Latin America Notes” column, American Philatelist, Vol. 79 (July 1966): 780, errata p.937. William Bacon, “Phony Philatelist“ column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 65 (October 5, 1957): 185,86. Spiro Brothers forgeries: W.J. Eckhardt, “The Underworld of Stamps, Forgeries of the Guatemala Issue of 1875”, American Philatelist, Vol. 62 (January 1949): 287. Forgery of the 1r and fraudulent postmark: Paper LXVI, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.153.
  • 11-14. Native American Woman Issue of 1878. Forgeries and unofficial reprints distinguished: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.120; Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.87,88. Hugh Watchorn, “The 1878 Indian Woman Issue of Guatemala“, Mekeel’s Weekly Stamp News, Vol. 82 (June 19, 1959): 193,96. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.167 (Yvert 11-14). Forgery, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.427,28. Forgeries and remainders: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.131. Forgeries and fraudulent postmark: Paper LXV, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.151. Forgery of ½r and 1p, and fraudulent postmark on 11-14: H.L. Lindquist, “Certain Countries for the Specialist – Guatemala”, The Stamp Specialist, 1942, pp.86,88.
  • 15,16. Small Quetzal Issue, 1879. Genuine cancellation (there are remainders): Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.3. Characteristics of genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.131; note that Roland A. Goodman states that there are no known forgeries.
  • 17-20. Provisional issue, 1881. Forged and bogus surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol.1, pp.106,7, 624. Bogus 20c: Reverend R.B. Earée, Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, p.428. Forgery of basic stamp with wrong perforation: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.131.
  • 21-25. Small Quetzal issue of 1881. Sperati forgery of the 2c invert, Rothmann and other forgeries: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.113, 624. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.167 (Yvert 22-26). Forgery of 25: Alden C. Johnson, Forgeries Old and New, Vol. 2, p.18. Sperati matrix for the 20c and fraudulent cancellation: Robson Lowe and Carl Walske, The Work of Jean De Sperati II/ Including Previously Unlisted Forgeries, pp.99-101. Sperati forgery of the 2c inverted center: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.192 and Plate 129.
  • 24 (inverted center). 10c, 1881. Fake: Roland A. Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , “First 10c 1881 With Inverted Center Is A Work Of Art”, El Quetzel, Vol. 27 (May-June 1976): 27.
  • 26-30. The Rail Bond Provisional issue of 1886. Forgeries of surcharge, favor, fraudulent and genuine postmarks: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.129-31. Forged surcharge and fraudulent postmarks: Fred A. Lauper, “Guatemala: The Second Povisional Issue”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol.31 (March 1952): 83-96, at p.96. Fraudulent postmarks: Warren C. Stevens, “The Barrios Issue of Guatemala 1886”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 31 (1965): 91-106, at p.106.
    31-41, 43-50. National Emblem, lithographed issue of 1886 and engraved issue of 1886-95. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.132. Distinguishing the engraved issue from the lithographed issue: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.143,44, 626.
  • 42. 1c on 2c, the Second Provisional Issue of 1886. Forgeries of the surcharge are on the engraved 2c (Scott 44), fakes: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.139.
  • 43-50. National Emblem, engraved issue of 1886-95. See “31-41, 43-50“ above for citations.
  • 54. 10c on 75c (14mm wide error), 1894. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.150 (Scott number changed from 56).
  • 56. The 1c on 2c, 1894. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.155.
  • 57. The 1c on 5c (year on top), 1895. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.157.
  • 58,59.12c on 5c Provisionals (year on bottom), 1895. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.159.
  • 65,69,71. 18c, 75c, 150c values of the Central American Exposition issue of 1897. Fakes made by removing telegraph overprints and applying fraudulent postmarks: Joseph M. Sousa, Common Counterfeits And Their Detection, American Philatelist, Vol. 78 (May 1965): 568,70,71; Joseph M. Sousa, “Common Forgeries of Other Days Often Return to Scene, Vex Unwary New Collectors“, Linn‘s Weekly Stamp News (January 31, 1966): 14,15. Scott Classic Specialized Catalog. Telegraph cancellation on 18c, 75c, 150c, removal of telegraph cancellation, remainder cancellation, genuine and fraudulent cancellation, fake 6c made from wrapper stamp: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.165, 626.
  • 74. 1c on 12c, 1897. Forgeries of surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.166,67, 626.
  • 75-85. Provisional issue (on Large Quetzals), 1898. Forged surcharges. Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.170-72, 626. Walter Lind, “Guatemala – The 1898 Surcharges”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 14 (October 1935): 211-18, at p.212. Forged surcharge on the 6c (on 5c and on 10c): E.W. Mann, “Guatemala: The Surcharged Stamps Of The Large Quetzal Type”, The London Philatelist, Vol. 42 (September 1933): 213-18. Inverted and double surcharges of the 6c on 5c are counterfeits: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 86,87. Provisionals on Lithographed Revenue Stamps, 1898. Forged overprint or surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.172.
  • 88-96. Provisionals on Engraved Revenue Stamps, 1898. Saureck and other forgeries of surcharges, measurements of genuine surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.175-81.
  • 97. 1c on 5c, 1899. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.183.
  • 98. 1c on 10c, 1900. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.184,85.
  • 108-10. The 1901 Provisionals. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.187.
  • 111-13. The 1902 Provisional Issue. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, p.189.
  • 124-30. Provisional Issue of 1903. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.350.
  • 133-35. Provisional Issue of 1908. Forged surcharges, bogus surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.359-61.
  • 136-39. Provisional Issue of 1909. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.361-65.
  • 143-45. Provisional Issues of 1911. Forged surcharges, bogus surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.370-75. Forged surcharges: Walter Lind, presentation notes, The London Philatelist, Vol. 47 (April 1938): 107,8.
  • 147-49. Provisional Issue of 1912. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.376-78.
  • 151-53. Provisional Issue of 1913. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.379.
  • 154. 2c on 1c, 1917. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.385.
  • 155-57. Provisional Issue of 1916. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.381-84. Forged 12½c surcharge: Lowell Ragatz, “Spying Eye” column, The S.P.A. Journal, Vol. 11 (February 1949): 292.
  • 166-68. Provisional Issues of 1920. Measurements of genuine surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.389,90.
  • 170. 12½c on 20c, 1921. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.391.
  • 178-84. First Provisional Issue of 1922. Forged surcharges: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.395,96.
  • 192-201. Third Provisional Issue of 1922. Forged surcharge: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.399.
  • 252-54. Ferrocarril De Los Altos Commemorative of 1930. Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.430.
  • C26, C27. The 1934 Air Mail Overprints. Measurements of the genuine overprint: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, p.440.
  • Genuine postmarks: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 1, pp.211-79 and Vol. 2, pp.595-601, 627.
  • Fraudulent 19th century postmarks. Walter Lind, “Guatemala: The Older Issues. Especially The 1872 Lithographs”, The London Philatelist, Vol. 31 (March 1932): 52-58.
  • de Thuin fraudulent postmarks: James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, p.96.
    Fraudulent postmarks. Joseph M. Sousa, “Counterfeit Cancellations of Nicaragua and Guatemala”, American Philatelist, Vol. 77 (November 1963): 138,39.
  • O1-O5. Official stamps, 1902. Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.121. David Jickling, “Forgeries Known of Guatemalan Officials”, Linn’s Stamp News (January 15, 1996): 28. Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.348,49. Hugh Watchorn, ”Latin America Notes” column, American Philatelist, Vol. 80 (1966-67): 673,74. Hugh Watchorn, “The Guatemala 1902 Officials“, Mekeel’s Weekly Stamp News, Vol. 93 (October 30, 1959): 137. Anon., “Counterfeit Corner”, Pan American Philatelist, Vol. 3 (February-June 1957): 74. William Bacon, “Phony Philately“ column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 64 (April 13, 1957): 215. Lowell Ragatz, “Spying Eye” column, The S.P.A. Journal, Vol. 11 (January 1949): 248,49. Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. II, p.28. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.167,68 (Yvert 1-5).
  • — Perforated Official stamps, 1912-26. Forged perforations: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.413,14.
    — Handstamped Official stamps, 1922-25 (and on some earlier stamps). Forgeries of the handstamp: Roland A. Goodman (editor), Guatemala: A Handbook on the postal history and philately of Guatemala , Vol. 2, pp.414-17.

Source: The Tedesco Index

Country Index

F-J

Discuss

on Facebook

Discuss

on Google+

Contact

Stampforgeries.com