Forged stamps of Colombia

1860-1864

Coat of Arms

 
Colombia_1860_Coat-of-Arms_5centavos_Forgery
Colombia_1860_Coat-of-Arms_20centavos_Forgery
Colombia_1859_Coat-of-Arms_1p_Forgery
Colombia_1861_Coat_of_Arms_2half_centavos_Genuine
Colombia_1861_Coat_of_Arms_5_centavos_Forgery
Colombia_1861_Coat_of_Arms_10_centavos_Sperati_Forgery
Colombia_1861_Coat_of_Arms_20_centavos_Genuine
Colombia_1861_Coat_of_Arms_1p_Sperati_Forgery
Colombia_1862_Coat_of_Arms_10_centavos_Forgery
Colombia_1862_Coat_of_Arms_50_centavos_Forgery
Colombia_1862_Coat_of_Arms_1p_Sperati_Forgery
Colombia_1863_Coat_of_Arms_5c_Forgery
Colombia_1863_Coat_of_Arms_20c_Forgery
Colombia_1863_Coat_of_Arms_50c_Forgery2
Colombia_1863_Coat_of_Arms_50c_Forgery
Colombia_1864_Coat_of_Arms_10c_Forgery
Colombia_1864_Coat_of_Arms_20c_Forgery

1865-1881

Registration Stamps

 
Colombia_Registration_Stamp_1865_5c_Forgery5
Colombia_Registration_Stamp2_1865_5c_Forgery2
Colombia_Recommended_1870_5c_Genuine
Colombia_1881_10c_Fournier_Forgery

1865

Tax Stamps

 
Colombia_Tax_1865_25c_Forgery
Colombia_Tax_1865_50c_Forgery
Colombia_Tax_1865_1pesos_Forgery

1865-1902

Coat of Arms

 
Colombia_1865_Coat_of_Arms_5c_Forgery Colombia_1865_Coat_of_Arms_5c_Forgery
Colombia_1865_Coat_of_Arms_10c_Forgery
Colombia_1865_Coat_of_Arms_20c_Forgery
Colombia_1865_Coat_of_Arms_50c_Genuine
Colombia_1865_Coat_of_Arms_1p_Forgery
Colombia_1867_Coat_of_Arms_5p_Forgery
Colombia_1867_Coat_of_Arms_10pesos_Forgery
Colombia_Un_Peso_Taylor_Forgery
Colombia_1868_Coat_of_Arms_5p_Unofficial_Reprint
Colombia_1868_Coat_of_Arms_10p_Unofficial_Reprint
Colombia_1883_Coat_of_Arms_10p_Genuine
Colombia_1888_Coat_of_Arms_1p_Fournier_Forgery
Colombia_1891_Coat_of_Arms_10p_Genuine
Colombia_1902_Eagle_5c_Genuine
Colombia_1902_Eagle_20c_Forgery

1869

Carrier Stamp

 
Colombia_1869_Carrier_2p_Genuine

1902

Barranquilla

 
Colombia_1902_Barranquilla_20c_Forgery

1917

Overprint

 
Colombia_1917_Servicio_Postal_Aereo_overprint_Forgery

1920

Airmail

 
Colombia_1920_Airmail_10c_Genuine

1935

Olympic Games

 
Colombia_1935_10p_Condor_Genuine

1865

Cubiertas – Insures Letter Stamps

 
Colombia_1865_Cubiertas_25c_Forgery1
Colombia_1865_Cubiertas_25c_Forgery2

Colombian States

Antioquia

 
Antioquia_1868_Coat-of-Arms_5centavos_Genuine

Bolivar

 
Colombia_Bolivar_1863_Sperati_Forgery

Tolima

 
Colombia_Tolima_1886_2p_Coat-of-Arms_Forgery2

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Literature

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  • 1-42. Issues of 1859-65. Characteristics of the genuine stamps and forged postal cancellations: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 8 (March 1991): 61-63, continued at (June 1991): 87, at Vol. 9 (September 1991): 18, at (December 1991): 54,55, at Vol. 10 (March 1993): 63, at Vol. 11 (December 1993): 39-41, at Vol. 12 (December 1994): 42, at (March 1995): 63,64, at (June 1995): 87, at Vol. 13 (September 1995): 18,19, at (December 1995): 42 , at (March 1996): 65, at (June 1996): 84, at Vol. 14 (December 1996): 41, at (March 1997): 67, and at Vol. 15 (September 1997): 18, at pp.61-63 of the March 1991 issue and p.64 of the March 1995 issue. See series below for additional citations.
  • 1-12. Granadine Confederation issues of 1859,60. Forgeries of the 21⁄2c, 5c, 10c, 20c: John Fosbery, “Colombia: Stamps of the Granada Convention”, The Mainsheet, Vol. 2 (December 1973-February 1974): 47-51. Forgeries and genuine and fraudulent cancellations of the Grenadine Confederation: William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13. F.G. Larson, “Colombia: The First Two Issues(Scott #1 to 12)”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 30 (November 1951): 285-98, at pp.289,93,97. Reprint and forgery: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.41,42 (Yvert 1-3 and 4-9). Several forgeries and genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.234-39 (the order of the first and second issues is reversed). Essays of the first issue: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.20. Four forgeries of the 1860 issue: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 8 (March 1991): 61-63, at p.87 of the June 1991 issue; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article). Concerning the 1860 issue, characteristics of the genuine stamps, 1p reprint and essay: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.20. Manuscript cancellations are postal and not revenue: Dieter Bortfeldt, “The First Colombian Postage Stamp“, The London Philatelist, Vol. 118 (September 2009): 251-61.
  • 1. 21⁄2c, 1859. Four forgeries (one sold as a “proof”) and fraudulent cancellation: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.1-5.
  • 7,8. 1p, 1859. Reprint (unofficial?) and forgery with fake cancellation: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.6-8. Three forgeries and a reprint of the 1p of 1859: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 8 (March 1991): 61-63, at p.63. Charles J. Phillips, “Notes from our Reference Collection”, Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, (October 31, 1905): 74-76. Reprints of the 1p carmine: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 9,10. 5c, 1860. Forgery and fraudulent cancellation: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.9,10. Thomas P. Myers, “Fakes & Fantasies – the 1860 Issue”, Copacarta, Vol.24 (September 2006): 19.
  • 12.20c, 1860. Two forgeries and fraudulent cancellations: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.11-14.
  • 13-18. United States of New Granada issue of 1861. Sperati, Schroeder and other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, “ Colombia – 3rd Issue of 1861: Notes on Forgeries”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No. 12 (May 2009): 129-34. Five forgeries: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 13 (December 1995): 42 and Vol. 13 (June 1996): 84; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article). Spiro Brothers, Schröder and Sperati forgeries: John Fosbery, “Colombia: 1861 The United States of New Granada”, The Mainsheet, Vol. 5 (October 1979): 23-26. Sperati forgeries and fraudulent cancellations of 13,14,16-18: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, pp.187,88 and Plate 25. Frank Aretz, Know Your Stamps, Vol. I, p.12. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.42,3 (Yvert 10-14). Eight forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.239-43.
  • 13. 21⁄2c, 1861. Oswald Schroeder? (forgery and proof), Sperati, and five other forgeries and fraudulent cancellations: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.15-25. Thomas P. Myers, “Easily identifiable forgeries sell for high prices at internet auctions”, Linn’s Stamp News (March 15, 2010): 40.
  • 14. 5c, 1861. Oswald Schroeder (proof), Sperati, Fournier? and four other forgeries and fraudulent cancellations: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.26-34.
  • 16. 10c, 1861. Oswald Schroeder (proof), Sperati and fur other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.35-42.
  • 17. 20c, 1861. Oswald Schroeder (forgery and proofs), Sperati and six other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.43-54. Reprints: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 18. 1p, 1861. Oswald Schroeder forgeries and cancellation, Sperati (Types 1 and 2, forgeries and proofs and cancellations), Fournier forgery and cancellations, two described and other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.55-72. Thomas P. Myers, “Easily identifiable forgeries sell for high prices at internet auctions”, Linn’s Stamp News (March 15, 2010): 40.
  • 19-23. The first United States of Colombia issue, 1862. Four forgeries and Senf Brothers facsimiles: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 9 (September 1991): 18; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article). The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.43 (Yvert 15-18). Two Sperati forgeries of the 10c, Sperati forgeries of the 20c, 50c and 1p (22,23), and fraudulent cancellations: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, pp.189,90 and Plate 126. The Centavo stamps: Robson Lowe, The Oswald Schröder Forgeries, p.3. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.21.
  • 19. 10c, 1862. Fournier, Oswald Schroeder, Sperati (Types A and B), and another forgery: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.73-79. Senf brothers facsimile: Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968): 193.
  • 20c, 1862. Oswald Schroeder forgery and cancellation and another forgery: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp. 80-83.
  • 21. 50c, 1862. Sperati forgery, Oswald Schroeder forgery and his proof: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp. 84-88.
  • 22,23. 1p, 1862. Sperati and two other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp. 89- 94.
  • 24-29. Coat of Arms issue of 1863. Eight forgeries: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 12 (March 1995): 63,64; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article). Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.43 (Yvert 19-22). Seven forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.24349. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.21,22. Characteristics of the genuine stamps: William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13.
  • 24. 5c, 1863. Spiro(?) and three other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp. 95- 101.
  • 25,28. 10c, 1863. Four forgeries and fraudulent cancellations: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.102-108.
  • 26. 20c, 1863. Six forgeries and fake cancellation: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.109-112, 117,118.
  • 29. 50c, 1863. Spiro forgeries of Type 1 and Type 2 and four other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.113-116a,119.
  • 30-34. Coat of Arms issue of 1864. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.43 (Yvert 23-27). Six forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.250-53. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.22.
  • 30. 5c, 1864. Six forgeries and false cancels: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.120-27. Fantasy (5c blue): Linn’s editors, “Collectors’ Forum: A Colombian forgery”, Linn’s Stamp News, (April 5, 1993): 50.
  • 31. 10c, 1864. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.128,29.
  • 32. 20c, 1864. Spiro, Fournier and two other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.130-135.
  • 33. 50c, 1864. Two forgeries and fake cancels: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.136- 39.
  • 34. 1p, 1864. Sperati and three other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.140- 44. Sperati forgery and fraudulent cancellation: British Philatelic Association (Publisher), The Work Of Jean De Sperati, p.190 and Plate 126.
  • 36. 21⁄2c, triangle stamp of 1865. Fournier and seven other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.190-98. Three forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.254,55.
  • 37-42. Arms type, 1865. Spiro Brothers forgeries: Anon., “The Spiro Forgeries Of The 1865 Issue of Colombia”, Copacarta, Vol. 4 (February 1987): 54-56; William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13. Spiro Brothers forgeries (and others): The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.43,44 (Yvert 28- 33). Three forgeries and genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.256-58. Spiro Brothers forgeries: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, p.62. Forgery and fraudulent postmark (Paper LXVII): Papers XII, XVIII and LXVII, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.40, p.55 and pp.157,58. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.22.
  • 37. 5c, 1865. Two Spiro forgeries and cancel and another forgery: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.145-49.
  • 38. 10c, 1865. Spiro forgery and cancel and another forgery: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp. 150-53
  • 39. 20c, 1865. Spiro forgery and cancel and three other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp. 154-58..
  • 40,41. 50c, 1865. Spiro forgery and cancels and two other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.159-62a. John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part II”, American Philatelist, Vol. 51 (April 1938): 635-42; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article).
  • 42. 1p, 1865. Spiro forgery and cancels and another forgery: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.163-66.
  • 46-48. 10c,20c,50c values of the 1866 issue. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13. Forgeries and genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.258,59.
  • 46. 10c, 1866. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.199,200.
  • 51,52. 5p and 10p values of the issue of 1866. Three forgeries of the 5p and six forgeries of the 10p: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.202-212. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 7, 1953): 12,13. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.44 (Yvert 39,40). Forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.260-62. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.22,23. Forgeries of the 5p: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 14 (March 1997): 67; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article).
  • 53-68 (not 66). Michaelson reprints: Jim Cross, “The ‘Michaelson Reprints’”, Copacarta, Vol. 2 (August 1984): 8-11. See listings below for additional citations.
  • 54,56,57,63,66-68,73,74, 1868-77. Imitations are classified as “reprints or counterfeits” by Scott: Scott 2011 Classic Specialized Catalogue,Notes following nos. 57, 63, 69, 79. Classified as forgeries: John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia Part III”, American Philatelist, Vol. 51 (August 1938): 1038-44; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). Tyler refers to them as some of the “mysteries of Colombian philately: Varro E. Tyler, “Some Mysteries of Colombian Philately”, Copacarta, Vol. 23, No.2 (December 2005): 33,34.
  • 54-57. Issue of 1868. John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia Part III”, American Philatelist, Vol. 51 (August 1938): 1038-44; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). Michaelson reprints: Jim Cross, “The ‘Michaelson Reprints’”, Copacarta, Vol. 2 (August 1984): 8-11. Reprints, forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.44 (Yvert 41-47a). Dieter Bortfeldt, “Colombia: The 50 Centavos Green 1868-1883”, Copacarta, Vol. 13 (September 1995): 7-10. Forgeries and Michaelson reprint of the 50c stramp: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 13 (September 1995): 18,19, based an article by Dieter Bortfeldt (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article). Forgery of the 50c stamp, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.259,60. Counterfeits or reprints of the 10c, 50c, 1p, 1868: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, notes following 57; Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p.30; Charles J. Phillips, “Notes from our Reference Collection”, Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, (October 31, 1905): 74-76.
  • 59. Carrier stamp of 1869-70. Forgeries and fraudulent postmarks: William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 21, 1953): 79. Michaelson forgery: John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part V”, American Philatelist, Vol. 52 (November 1938): 158-67; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). Forgery, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.264,65. Forgery and fraudulent postmark: Paper XXVI, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, p.71. Reprint: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.24,25. Counterfeit or reprint: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 62, 63. 5c orange and 25c black on blue, 1870. Michaelson forgery: John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part III“, 51 American Philatelist, (August 1938): 1038-44; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). John N. Myer, “Colombia – The 25c of 1869 On Pink Paper”, The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 19 (April 1940): 91,92, at p.92. Forgeries and reprints: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.44,45 (Yvert 48-53). Two forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.266-68. Counterfeits or reprints of the 25c: Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p,30; Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, note following 63; Charles J. Phillips, “Notes from our Reference Collection”, Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, (October 31, 1905): 74-76. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.24.
  • 64,65. 5p and 10p of 1870. Michaelson reprints and three forgeries of the 10p: Alex Rendon, “Forgeries And Reprints, The Colombia 1870-1883 10 Pesos”, Copacarta, Vol. 15 (September 1997): 18. Three forgeries and Michaelson reprints of the 10p: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 15 (September 1997): 18; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article). Michelson forgeries: John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part IV”, American Philatelist, Vol. 52 (October 1938): 38-48; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). Forgeries, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.262-64. 1896 Reprints: Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p.29.
  • 66-69. Issue of 1871-74. Forgeries and reprints: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.44,45 (Yvert 48-53). Counterfeits or reprints of both 1c and the 2c: Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p.30; Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, note following 69. Reprints of both 1c stamps: Charles J. Phillips, “Notes from our Reference Collection”, Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, (October 31, 1905): 74-76. Michelsen forgeries: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, pp.63,64. John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part VI”, American Philatelist, Vol. 52 (December 1938): 226-29; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). Forgeries of the green 1c and 2c, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.265,66.Forgery of the green 1c and 2c, and fraudulent postmark: Paper XXVI, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.70,71.
  • 73-79. Issue of 1877 on wove paper. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (March 21, 1953): 79. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.45 (Yvert 54-58). J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.24. Counterfeits or reprints of the 5p and 10p: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog. Reprints, forgeries of the 10c, 5p and 10p: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.44 (Yvert 41-47a).
  • 80-97. Same design, issues of 1876-79 on laid paper, 25c on wove paper, 1979, and issue of 1881 on blue wove paper. 1p of 1881: John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part II”, American Philatelist, Vol. 51 (April 1938): 635-42: (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article). Reprints of the10c through 1p : Scott Classic Specialized Catalog, note after 97. The 1898 reprint of the 50c green of 1879: Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p.30. Reprints of the 10c and 20c, 1881: Edward Denny Bacon, Reprints of Postal Adhesive Stamps And Their Characteristics, p.31 (See criticism by Phillips, following). Forgeries and reprints of the 25c: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.44,45 (Yvert 48-53); Reprint of the 25c and the 5c, 10c and 20c: Charles J. Phillips, “Notes from our Reference Collection”, Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, (October 31, 1905): 74-76.
  • 109-11. Liberty Head, 1881. Reprints: Charles J. Phillips, “Notes from our Reference Collection”, Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, (October 31, 1905): 74-76. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.45 (Yvert 65-67). Michelsen reprint- forgeries: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, pp.65-67. Reprints of the 1c and 5c: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 125. 5p, orange brown of 1883? Senf brothers facsimile. Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968):193.
  • 134,41. 20c stamps of 1887 and 1889. John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part I”, 51 American Philatelist, Vol. 51 (January 1938): pp.337-42: (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Myer article).
  • 135-40. Issue of 1888. J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.24. Fournier forgery of the 10p black: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.45,44 (Yvert 93). Forgery of the 5p Black and the 10p: Anthony Wilkinson, “Forgeries And Reprints: The 5P And 10P Stamps of 1888”, Copacarta, Vol. 14 (December 1996): 41; Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 14 (December 1996): 41; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article).
  • 159. 10p blue of 1892-99. Fournier forgery. The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.45 (Yvert 108).
  • 166? Forged overprint: J.W. Sauber, “A Counterfeit Late Fee Stamp of Panama”, Copacarta, Vol. 6 (May 1989): 85.
  • 175-79. Provisional issue, 1900. Alan D. Anyon, “Cucuta: The 1900 Provisional Issue“, Copacarta, Vol. 21 (June 2004): 69-76.
  • 220-24. 5p and 10p of the Barranquilla issue of 1903-04. Varro E. Tyler, “The Dumonteuil Forgeries of Colombia”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 58 (1992): 41-50, at pp.46,47. Dumonteuil forgeries: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 10 (March 1993): 63; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article).
  • 268,70,85. 5c, 20c regular issue of 1902 and 5c regular issue of 1903. Varro E. Tyler, “The Dumonteuil Forgeries of Colombia”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 58 (1992): 41- 50, at pp.44-46. Dumonteuill forgeries of the 5c and 20c, 1902: Varro Tyler, Linn’s Focus on Forgeries: A Guide to Forgeries of Common Stamps, Revised, Expanded Edition, pp.68,69. Forgeries of all three stamps: Alan D. Anyon, “Forgeries of the Civil War Stamps of Colombia”, Copacarta, Vol. 24 (March 2007): 16-18. Forgeries of the 5c and 20c values of the Bogata issue, 1902: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 12 (June 1995): 87; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the Cross article).
  • 343,45,46. 5c,20c,50c values of the engraved Regular issue, 1917. Lithographed postal forgeries: John Myer “More About Those Two Problems in Twentieth Century Colombia”, American Philatelist, Vol. 52 (February 1939): 426-428. “Latin American Unit”, American Philatelist, Vol. 52 (May 1939): 720,21. Lithographed postal forgeries: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog.
  • 363. 3c, Numeral issue, 1920-21. Kenneth Rowe, “Colombia: The 1920-1922 Provissional Numeral Issue”, Copacarta, Vol. 19 (June 2002): 65-71, continuation of article that begins in (March 2002): 45-51.
  • Common fraudulant cancellations, unlike the genuine, on early issues: Cross, Jim, “Forgeries And Reprints” (Colombia), Copacarta, Vol. 8 (March 1991): 61-63 (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the article).
  • Fournier fraudulent postmarks: Fritz Billig, Billig’s Philatelic Handbook, Vol. 12, p.75.
  • de Thuin fraudulent Bogata postmark. The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin,Philatelic Counterfeiter: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, p.66.
  • C1. 1919 Overprinted Airmail stamp. Genuine stamps (10 positions of overprint), genuine sole cancellation, and examples of forgeries of overprint: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.1-14. Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, pp.34-38 (Sanabria Airmail Catalog 1). Four forgeries of the overprint: W.R. Hierseman, “ The First Airmail Stamps of Colombia”, American Philatelist, Vol. 83 (April 1969): 330-33.
  • C2-C10. 10c, 1920. First Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea issue (overprinted Curtiss labels). Six settings of the overprint (pp.16-20), the nine vignettes made from the Curtiss labels (p.21), the genuine stamps and forgeries are organized by vignette type (pp.24- 52), general guide to identify forgeries (p.53), genuine covers (pp.55-75): Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.15-75. Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, pp.39-45 (Sanabria Airmail Catalog 2-10).
  • C11. 10c, 1920. Fraudulent cancellations and fake covers: Second issue. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.76-107.
  • C12-C82. SCADTA stamps, 1920-32. Forgeries of the control overprint: Gerard Marque letter to the Editor, American Philatelist, Vol. 95 (December 1981): 1082, 86. See sections below for more citations.
  • C16, C33,C35, C36,C37. 50c SCADTA first issue, 1920, 2p and 5p, 1921, and 20c and 30c Provisionals, 1921-22. Forged overprint, fraudulent postmarks: Dieter Bortfeldt, “SCADTA Under The Magnifying Glass”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No.5 (May 2002): 110-22. Forgery of the 50c airmail stamp, genuine and fake cancellations (entire series): Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.108-114, 117. See ” C19,C36″ below for an additional citation.
  • —- Non Scott. Panama handstamp on the 30c and 50c SCADTA first issue: Forged handstamp: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.115,16.
  • C17-C24. Provisional issue, 1921. Forgeries and Forero reprint / forgeries of the surcharges: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.118-138. “Forero” reprints of surcharges and fraudulent cancellation: Dieter Bortfeldt, “The ‘Forero’ Reprints of 25 January 1923”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No. 10 (March 2007): 71-74; Santiago Cruz + Dieter Bortfeldt, Handbook of the SCADTA Provisional Surcharges, Second Edition April 2004 (Colombian Philatelic Research Society, Bogota, March 2004): 77-82. de Thuin forged overprint of the type c 10c on 50c (Scott 19): James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, p.66.
  • C32. 1p, SCADTA Third Issue, 1921. Kesssler facsimiles: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.142,43.
  • C33. 2p, 1921. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.139,40.
  • C34. 5p, 1921. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, p.141.
  • C36. SCADTA 20c on 50c of 1921-22. de Thuin forged overprint: James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, p.66.
  • C47. 1p value, issue of 1923-28. Kessler facsimile: Dieter Bortfeldt, “SCADTA Under The Magnifying Glass”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No.5 (May 2002): 110-22.
  • C51,52. 30c Provisional issue, 1923. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.221,22. C53, C54. Lt. Benjamin Mendez flight, 1928. Forged overprint: Dieter Bortfeldt, “SCADTA Under The Magnifying Glass”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No.5 (May 2002): 110-22.
  • C93. 2p value of First Colombian Government issue, 1932. Forged overprint: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp 223,24; Dieter Bortfeldt, “SCADTA Under The Magnifying Glass”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No.5 (May 2002): 110-22.
  • C166-C174. Wing issue for Domestic Postage of 1950. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.227-33. Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, pp.48,49 (Sanabria Airmail Catalog 199-207).
  • C175-85. Lansa, 1950. Forged overprint: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.234-37. Fraudulent 1920 postmark. Alexander F. Newall, Airmail Stamps: Fakes & Forgeries, p.40.
  • CF1-CF5. Overprinted Airmail Registration, 1923-32. Forged overprints and genuine and fake postmarks: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.157-77.
  • de Thuin forged overprint on Scott CF2: James M. Chemi, James H. Beal and James T, De Voss (editors), The Yucatan Affair: The Work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter, p.65.
  • —. Non Scott. Consular Country Overprints on the Third and Fourth SCADTA issues, 1921 and 1923. Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part III, pp.178-220. Forged consular handstamps and postmarks: Dieter Bortfeldt, “SCADTA Under The Magnifying Glass”, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No.5 (May 2002): 110-22.
  • F1, F2. Registration stamps of 1865. F1: Fournier/Spiro(?) forgery and false cancel and another forgery (pp.174-77); F2: Spiro, Fournier and three other forgeries (pp.171-73): Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.167-77. Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 11 (December 1993): 39-41; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the article). Spiro Brothers forgeries: Anon., “The Spiro Forgeries Of The 1865 Issue of Colombia”, Copacarta, Vol. 4 (February 1987); 54-56. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (April 11, 1953): 182. Five forgeries of F1 and two forgeries of F2, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.270-73. Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.46 (Yvert 1,2). J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, pp.25,26.
  • F3-F6. Registration stamps of 1870. Michaelson reprints of the 5c with vertical lines in background: Jim Cross, “The ‘Michaelson Reprints’”, Copacarta, Vol. 2 (August 1984): 8- 11. John N. Myer, “Alleged Reprints of Colombia, Part VI”, American Philatelist, Vol. 52 (December 1938): 226-29; (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the article). The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.46 (Yvert 3,5,4,6); another view concerning reprints: Jim Cross, “The Serrane Guide – Colombia”, Copacarta, Vol. 11 (December 1993): 38. Two forgeries of the “Anotacion”, vertical lines, and four forgeries of the “Re Jistro”, horizontal lines, genuine and fraudulent postmarks: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.273-76. Reprints: Scott Classic Specialized Catalog. Forgeries and reprints: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.26.
  • F7. Registration stamp of 1881. Fournier forgery: Alan D. Anyon, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 15 (March 1998): 61,62. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (April 11, 1953): 182. Fournier forgery: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.46 (Yvert 7). J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.26.
  • F9-F12. Registration stamps of 1889-95. William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (April 11, 1953): 182. Fournier forgery: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, p.46 (1889). J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.26.
  • —— (Non Scott). “AR“ in circle hand stamped, 1902,03. Forgery of the overprint: Dieter Bortfeldt and Alan D. Anyon, “Colombia: The ‘AR‘ Provisionals of 1902-03“, Fakes Forgeries Experts journal, No.11 (April 2008): 163-171.
  • J1-J3. Postage Due stamps of 1866. Four forgeries: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 9 (December 1991): 54,55: (see the Bibliography for a list of the other parts of the article). Fournier and other forgeries: The Serrane Guide/ Stamp Forgeries of the World to 1926, pp.46,47 (Yvert 1 and 2 and 3,4). Forgeries of the 25c and 50c stamps: William Bacon, “Phony Philately” column, Weekly Philatelic Gossip, Vol. 56 (April 11, 1953): 182. Forgeries of the 25c and 50c stamps, fraudulent postmark: Reverend R.B. Earée, Album Weeds/ How to Detect Forged Stamps (Third Edition), Vol. 1, pp.268,69. Paper XLI, Lowell Ragatz (editor), The Spud Papers/ An Illustrated Descriptive Catalog Of Early Philatelic Forgeries, pp.101,2. The 25c and 1p stamps: Robson Lowe, The Oswald Schröder Forgeries, p.4. Characteristics of the genuine 25c and 50c: J. Dorn (Publisher), The Forged Stamps of all Countries, p.25.
  • J1. 25c, 1866. Oswald Schroeder, Fournier and two other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.179-83. Senf brothers facsimile: Varro E. Tyler, “The Gebrüder Senf Facsimiles”, The American Philatelic Congress Book 34 (1968): 193.
  • J2. 50c, 1866, Fournier and two other forgeries: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.184- 186a.
  • J3. 1p, 1865. Oswald Schroeder proof and another forgery: Dieter Bortfeldt, The Workbook, Part I, pp.187-189.
  • —. “Cubiertas” (insured letter stamps), 1865. Two forgeries and a Senf facsimile: Jim Cross, “Forgeries And Reprints”, Copacarta, Vol. 8 (March 1991): 61-63, continued at (June 1991): 87, at Vol. 9 (September 1991): 18, at (December 1991): 54,55, at Vol. 10 (March 1993): 63, at Vol. 11 (December 1993): 39-41, at Vol. 12 (December 1994): 42, at (March 1995): 63,64, at (June 1995): 87, at Vol. 13 (September 1995): 18,19, at (December 1995): 42 , at (March 1996): 65, at (June 1996): 84, at Vol. 14 (December 1996): 41, at (March 1997): 67, and at Vol. 15 (September 1997): 18, at p.64 of the March 1994 issue. Bill Walton, “Further Notes On Forgeries Of The 1865 Colombian Cubiertas”, Copacarta, Vol. 12 (December 1994): 26- 33. Walter Blell, “Bogus Cubiertas Of Colombia And Tolima”, The Mainsheet, Vol. 6 (December 1980): 10.
  • —-. Late Fee stamp. Forged overprint on Design Type A3: J.W. Sauber, “A Counterfeit Late Fee Stamp of Panama”, Copacarta, Vol. 6 (May 1989): 85.

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